Archive for ‘Asia’

09/02/2016

Religious Fundamentalism-Extremism-Violence

Human Wrongs Watch

By Johan Galtung*

8 February 2016 – TRANSCEND Media Service

To navigate these difficult conceptual waters we need some rules. Here are three suggestions (the violence can be direct–as sometimes prescribed by the Abrahamic religions–or structural as by Hinduism): 

galtung_side

Johan Galtung

  1. Anchor “religious fundamentalism” in religious scriptures taken literally according to the fundamentalists, not as “interpreted”;
  2. Anchor “extremism” in violent action, verbal or physical;
  3. Anchor “religious extremism” in violent action justified-legitimized by religious scriptures, by fundamentalists or not.

Fundamentalism has to do with inner faith, belief. Extremism has to do with outer violence against Other, and against Self (like flagellation for being a sinner). Keep them separate. And be careful.

We can have fundamentalism without extremism. The fundamentalist may believe much, beyond the beliefs of others, yet not cross the border to violence. We may say: let him-her do so; it is not obvious that fundamentalists are more violent than non-fundamentalists.

09/02/2016

UN Mobilises Action to End Female Genital Mutilation within 15 Years

Human Wrongs Watch

Marking the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), dozens of women, girls, experts, and United Nations officials on 8 February 2016 gathered at a special event at UN Headquarters to discuss ways of eliminating the harmful practice by 2030 and to celebrate the increased mobilization against it.

Malian singer Inna Modja performs during a special event, Mobilizing to Achieve the Global Goals through the Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) by 2030. Having been subjected to FGM as a small girl, Ms. Modja advocates for the rights of women and girls. UN Photo/Manuel Elias

“I am proud to be among so many champions in the cause of eliminating female genital mutilation,” United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said during his keynote address, highlighting that the event is also “a celebration of women’s empowerment.”

08/02/2016

Appeal for Children

Human Wrongs Watch

UNICEF is launching a US$2.8 billion appeal to reach 43 million children in humanitarian emergencies, of which the largest portion, 25 per cent, targets educating children in emergencies.* 

.

660x400_carousel_HAC-2016

Photo: UNICEF

Every year, the lives of millions of children and their families are disrupted, upended or nearly destroyed by emergencies.

Conflict, human-made disasters and wide-ranging, climate-change events challenge the lives of many who are already vulnerable. In all of these situations, UNICEF is there.

This overview offers a clear picture of the many aspects of UNICEF’s global work in humanitarian situations.

08/02/2016

Somalia Offers Yemenis a Safer Home

Human Wrongs Watch

By Mohamed Omar Mulla*

GARDO, 5 February 2016 (IRIN) – Somalia is the new home for 30,560 people who have fled the fighting in Yemen and are trying to adjust to life in a country that – while no longer written off as a “failed state” – certainly has its challenges.
.

Many who once left Somalia, fleeing war, are now returning, fleeing a different war.

The majority of those who have landed by boat in the autonomous regions of Puntland and Somaliland since March last year are Somalis, embarking from Yemen’s southern ports.

08/02/2016

“A Fair Day’s Wage for a Fair Day’s Work?”

Human Wrongs Watch

.
Rome, 6 February 2016 (IPS) – “During the first months in Italy, I always prayed for rain. I spent hours checking the weather forecast” said Roni, a 26 year old graduate from a middle-income family in Bangladesh. 

According to the Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Policy estimates, three out of four Bangladeshi workers in Italy work in the tertiary sector. 23,3% of them are employed in the hotel, restaurant and catering sector.  Credit: Simba Shani Kamaria Russeau/IPS

According to the Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Policy estimates, three out of four Bangladeshi workers in Italy work in the tertiary sector. 23,3% of them are employed in the hotel, restaurant and catering sector. Credit: Simba Shani Kamaria Russeau/IPS

His father, a public servant and his mother a home maker, Roni had to sell umbrellas on the streets of Rome for more than a year before finding a summer job by the sea at a coffee shop, popularly known as a ‘bar’ in Italy.

08/02/2016

Tanzania: Girls Struggle to Avoid Forced Marriage, Yearn to Learn

Human Wrongs Watch

.
KAHAMA, Tanzania (IPS) – Maria was barely 16 when her father removed her from school to marry her off to a man 20 years older than she was just so that the family could receive eleven cows as her dowry.

Adelescent girls in Shinyanga dancing as part of the altenative learning programme by UNESCO aimed at equiping them with life skills. Credit: Kizito Makoye/IPS

Adelescent girls in Shinyanga dancing as part of the altenative learning programme by UNESCO aimed at equiping them with life skills. Credit: Kizito Makoye/IPS

“I didn’t want to get married, I wanted to study and become a doctor, but all my dreams seem to have been crushed,” she told IPS.

Distraught, Maria who is now 18, repeatedly pleaded with her father to let her finish her education but he completely refused. “If you don’t want to get married get out of my house, my father told me angrily,” she said.

07/02/2016

Female Genital Mutilation Is a Human Rights Violation, Torture and an Extreme Form of Violence – African Union

Addis Ababa, 5 February 2016 (African Union)* – Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has been recognized as a human rights violation, torture and an extreme form of violence against women and girls.
.
wgd-banner

Image: African Union

.

It is an excruciatingly painful practice that denies girls their basic human rights.

Its impact on young girls and women is multi-faceted and touches various aspects of their lives, including their physical, psychological and social well-being, with scars lingering on for the rest of their lives.

The African Union has adopted legally binding instruments that promote the prohibition of traditional practices that are prejudicial to the health and welfare of young girls and women.

Among others, Article 21 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child obliges States Parties to eliminate harmful social and cultural practices, such as FGM, that affect the welfare, dignity, normal growth and development of the child.

07/02/2016

International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation

Human Wrongs Watch

UN Women*  – With 6 February marking International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), UN Women unveils the story of Assétou Touré, a survivor of FGM from Mali who is working to eradicate the harmful practice in her country. Touré’s story is part of our new series “From where I stand”, which captures the unique and powerful experiences of women across the globe.

From where I stand: Assétou Touré, Mali

Assétou Touré is a 49-year-old woman from Mali and a survivor of FGM. UN Women Mali/Coumba Bah

Assétou Touré is a 49-year-old woman from Mali and a survivor of FGM. Photo: UN Women/Coumba Bah

“I was 6-years-old when I was cut. For me, the most traumatic experience was seeing what my older sister went through. She wasn’t as lucky as me. She suffered terrible injuries and almost died. The scars will remain with us for life. Where we live, more than 80 per cent of girls go under the knife.

07/02/2016

‘Migration and Multilateralism Will Be Hallmarks of 2016’

Human Wrongs Watch

The world is facing a political, economic, moral and social crisis as governments and communities struggle to provide effective solutions for the unprecedented numbers of people fleeing war, instability or persecution, the top United Nations migration official on 5 February 2016 said, calling for deceive multilateral action to tackle “the global issues lurking behind today’s vast movement of people.”

Local volunteer groups help provide hot meals for the increasing numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in Calais, France. Photo: UNHCR/ V. Cochetel

The UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration, Peter Sutherland, said today in Geneva that 2016 “is the year of migration and multilateralism,” and that series of comprehensive initiatives is needed to drive home – and effectively address – the global nature of the issue.

07/02/2016

Senior UN Officials Urge Elimination of ‘Violent Practice’ of Female Genital mutilation by 2030

Human Wrongs Watch

5 February 2016 – The most senior United Nations officials are urging the world to eliminate female genital mutilation (FGM) by 2030, calling it a “violent practice” that scars girls for life, endangering their health, depriving them of their rights, and denying them the chance to reach their full potential.

Women chat together in the village of Halajay Gawra, northern Iraq, one of the villages UNICEF is working with to become “FGM-free.” © UNICEF/UN09330/Mackenzie

“Never before has it been more urgent – or more possible – to end the practice of female genital mutilation, preventing immeasurable human suffering and boosting the power of women and girls to have a positive impact on our world,” said United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in a message ahead of the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation marked annually on 6 February.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 182 other followers

%d bloggers like this: