Archive for ‘Africa’

28/05/2015

Women and Biodiversity Feed the World, Not Corporations and GMOs

by Baher Kamal

Human Wrongs Watch

By Prof. Vandana Shiva*

28 May 2015 – TRANSCEND Media Service — Biodiverse ecological agriculture in women’s hands is a solution not just to the malnutrition crisis, but also the climate crisis.

A worker weeding in a nursery in Back Kan, Viet Nam. Photo: FAO/Joan Manuel Baliellas

A worker weeding in a nursery in Back Kan, Viet Nam. Photo: FAO/Joan Manuel Baliellas

The two great ecological challenges of our times are biodiversity erosion and climate change. And both are interconnected, in their causes and their solutions.

Industrial agiculture is the biggest contributor to biodiversity erosion as well as to climate change.

According to the United Nations, 93% of all plant variety has disappeared over the last 80 years.20 May 2015 – The two great ecological challenges of our times are biodiversity erosion and climate change.

And both are interconnected, in their causes and their solutions.

28/05/2015

On Violence: Suicide, Homicide–and Both

by Baher Kamal

Human Wrongs Watch

By Johan Galtung*

27 May 2015 – TRANSCEND Media Service – Violence is to harm and hurt body, mind, spirit, even lethally, suicide, homicide, genocide (“cide”, from Latin “cadre”, falling). The focus here is on body violence, “sui” standing for Self, “homi” for Other. They do not exclude each other, they can be combined.

**The Kids off the Block memorial featuring hundreds of simple stone blocks, one for each child killed by violence in Roseland, Chicago | Author: Victorgrigas | Wikimedia Commons

**The Kids off the Block memorial featuring hundreds of simple stone blocks, one for each child killed by violence in Roseland, Chicago | Author: Victorgrigas | Wikimedia Commons

We have in mind US shootings-killings in recent decades, often at schools, spraying Others with bullets, in the end also Self, at his own hand or somebody else’s, with a gun.

The killing by somebody else may or may not have been expected, but exposure to such extreme risk makes intention likely. In short, homicide and suicide. Both-And.

Hitler sacrificed millions of Germans, and committed suicide.

28/05/2015

Congo Logging Chaos Leaves People and Bonobos at the Sharp End

by Baher Kamal

Human Wrongs Watch

By Raoul Monsembula*

27 May 2015 – “Chaos” and “chaotic” are frequently – perhaps even overly – used words. One dictionary definition is a “total lack of organisation or order”. That can be said certainly of the industrial logging sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

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Companies pay little heed to regulations, promises to forest communities go unfulfilled and government institutions show little or no will to hold them to account and protect the DRC’s vast natural heritage and resources.

But at the same time this chaos is organised and is ordered.  It is to a large extent engineered by officials and companies for their own benefit.

The institutions that should govern the forestry sector and enforce the law are not functioning effectively.

27/05/2015

The Changing Nature of Jobs – Widespread Insecurity in Global Labour Market

by Baher Kamal

Human Wrongs Watch

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Geneva, May 2015 (ILO)* — How is the world of work changing? Are permanent contracts the norm or the exception? Discover the new World Employment and Social Outlook 2015 (WESO).
  1. © Ray Witlin / World Bank | Source: ILO

ILO warns of widespread insecurity in the global labour market 

The World Employment and Social Outlook 2015 finds that, among countries with available data, three quarters of workers are employed on temporary or short-term contracts, in informal jobs often without any contract, under own-account arrangements or in unpaid family jobs.

27/05/2015

Food Worries Widen in Mauritania

by Baher Kamal

Human Wrongs Watch

By Mamoudou Lamine Kane and Jennifer Lazuta*

NOUAKCHOTT, 26 May 2015 (IRIN)Hundreds of thousands of Mauritanians are struggling to feed themselves as they fall victim to the effects of climate change.

**Photo: Jaspreet Kindra/IRIN | Carcasses dot the sandy landscape in southern Mauritania's Hodh El Chargui region, where a lack of rain has affected both wild vegetation growth and crops.

**Photo: Jaspreet Kindra/IRIN | Carcasses dot the sandy landscape in southern Mauritania’s Hodh El Chargui region, where a lack of rain has affected both wild vegetation growth and crops.

A chronically hungry country, Mauritania could see the availability of food drop to its lowest level in years if drought continues to ravage crops, livestock and livelihoods.

An estimated 1.3 million people will face food insecurity this year, according to the latest assessment by the UN-backed Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).

Among them, nearly half a million people are expected to fall into severe food insecurity by June and be “unable to meet their food needs without external assistance.” Around 21,000 will suffer extreme food insecurity, or a near complete depletion of their livelihoods. 

26/05/2015

Orange Day 2015: UNiTE to End Violence against Women

by Baher Kamal
This 25 May, we wear orange and shed light on the power of Internet and mobile technology, as part of the UNiTE campaign to End Violence against Women and girls, says UN Women.
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Students from Tonga's Tailulu College making the most of new high-speed broadband services at 2013 World Telecommunication and Information Society Day celebrations in the the Tongan capital, Nuku'alofa. | Nukua'lofa, Tonga Photo: Tom Perry / World Bank | Source: UN Women Project: P113184

Students from Tonga’s Tailulu College making the most of new high-speed broadband services at 2013 World Telecommunication and Information Society Day celebrations in the the Tongan capital, Nuku’alofa. | Nukua’lofa, Tonga | Photo: Tom Perry / World Bank | Source: UN Women

The UN Secretary-General’s UNiTE to End Violence against Women campaign, managed by UN Women, has proclaimed every 25th of the month as “Orange Day” – a day to take action to raise awareness and prevent violence against women and girls.

Initiated and led by the UNiTE campaign Global Youth Network, Orange Day calls upon activists, governments and UN partners to mobilize people and highlight issues relevant to preventing and ending violence against women and girls, not only once a year, on 25 November (International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women), but every month.*

26/05/2015

Africa Leads the World in Female Representation in Parliaments

by Baher Kamal

Human Wrongs Watch

“Africa leads the world in female representation in parliaments and the continent has one of the highest rates of female entrepreneurship. Let us be inspired by these successes and intensify efforts to provide Africa’s women with better access to education, work and health care and, by doing so, accelerate Africa’s transformation,” the UN Secretary-General said.

World Radio Day 2015 focuses on youth. Newscaster Lady Belinda Juaw at the community radio station Spirit FM 99.9 Yei in South Sudan, spreads information about the importance of voting, particularly for young women. Photo: Werner Anderson/Norwegian People's Aid via Flickr CC 2.0 | Source: UN Women

World Radio Day 2015 focuses on youth. Newscaster Lady Belinda Juaw at the community radio station Spirit FM 99.9 Yei in South Sudan, spreads information about the importance of voting, particularly for young women. Photo: Werner Anderson/Norwegian People’s Aid via Flickr CC 2.0 | Source: UN Women

Each year, Africa Day is an opportunity to celebrate the continent’s achievements and to reflect on its challenges, Ban Ki-moon on 25 May 2015 said, highlighting the courage and determination it took to make remarkable progress to end the Ebola outbreak and urging leaders to commit to ending violence against women and empower them.

26/05/2015

Seven Tips on How to Reduce Food Waste… at Least at Home

by Baher Kamal

Rome, May 2015 – Whether we categorize uneaten food as “lost” or “wasted” depends on when it falls off the food chain, says the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Imagine how everything we eat travels across a food chain, a complex journey that stretches from farm to table. Studies show that an astounding 1/3 of all the food we produce for human consumption never actually reaches our plates.*

  •  Most people see food waste in their everyday lives. At the end of the food chain, consumers may throw out excess food, let it spoil, or develop other behaviors that waste food unnecessarily.
  • Food “loss” actually occurs earlier in the food chain and usually behind the scenes. Due to inefficiencies in food production and processing, food can lose nutritional value or even need to be discarded before it reaches the consumer.

08/05/2015

Chinese Warships to Join Russian Navy in Black Sea, Mediterranean for Historic Drill

by Baher Kamal

Human Wrongs Watch

7 May 2015 (RT)* – Two Chinese missile frigates will enter the Russian Black Sea naval base of Novorossiysk for the first time in history. They will then conduct joint exercises with Russia in the Mediterranean.
Type 054A frigate. (Image from Wikipedia)

Type 054A frigate. (Image from Wikipedia) | Source: RT

The Linyi and the Weifang will enter the port of Novorossiysk on May 8 to take part in Victory Day celebrations, according to the Russian Defense Ministry.

Each is a 4,000-ton vessel of the relatively new Type 054A (also known as Jiangkai II), which first entered service in 2007. They are accompanied by a support ship. This is the first time Chinese warships will have entered the Russian base.

08/05/2015

South Africa’s Sex Workers Nightly Fear for Their Lives

by Baher Kamal
8 May 2015 (Pressenza)* – Speaking through their organization, the South African Sex Workers Education and Advocacy Taskforce (SWEAT) the sex workers of the country have serious concerns about their issues and whether they will ever be ironed out, and as a consequence they work under pressure fearing for their lives.
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South Africa’s sex workers nightly fear for their lives

Source: Pressenza

One of their issues is that behind the scenes police mistreat them at night as they parade for their prospective clients.

At any time, given when the police arrive, they must run for their lives. So the ladies of the night have laid down notes on a few issues that need to be attended to by the government of South Africa, as follows:

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