Archive for ‘Africa’

22/12/2014

German Interior Minister Calls for Setting Up Refugee Camps in North Africa

Human Wrongs Watch

By Martin Kreickenbaum*, 22 December 2014, WSWS — For weeks, Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere (Christian Democratic Union, CDU) has been trying to win support for his proposal to set up refugee camps that would be maintained by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (HCR) in North Africa.

Crisis in Iraq | Source: UNICEF

Crisis in Iraq | Source: UNICEF

He thus takes up an initiative launched more than ten years ago by former British Prime Minister and Labour Party leader Tony Blair and the then-Social Democratic Party (SPD) Interior Minister Otto Schily.

In a television interview on ZDFs Morgenmagazin last month, de Maiziere explained his plans for such camps, describing them in his typically cynical manner as “welcoming and departure centres”.

21/12/2014

Mr. Ban Has a Dream: that the World Eradicates Poverty, Protects the Planet and Ensures Dignity for All

Human Wrongs Watch

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon marked Human Solidarity Day on 20 December 2014 by calling for joint action to craft and take forward a new, inclusive development agenda that eradicates poverty, protects the planet and ensures dignity for all.

Two children in a Bronx, New York, school solidifying their friendship with a spontaneous expression of mutual understanding. UN Photo/Marcia Weistein

In his message on the International Day, Ban said this year’s observance comes as the world shapes a new sustainable development agenda to succeed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the largest anti-poverty campaign in history, by 2015.

20/12/2014

90% of World’s Cargo Shipped Every Year Uninspected, Allowing Narcotics, Weapons to Enter Countries Undetected.

Human Wrongs Watch

An estimated 500 million containers accounting for 90 per cent  of the world’s cargo are shipped around the world every year virtually uninspected, allowing consignments of narcotics, weapons and other illegal goods to enter countries undetected, according to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).*

UNODC

UNODC

UNODC has also informed that most containers carry licit goods, but some are being used to smuggle drugs, weapons, even people.

The sheer volume of this international maritime container traffic, the sophisticated and often ingenious concealment methods, along with the diverse routings adopted by illicit drug traffickers and other smugglers, invariably makes successful interdiction difficult.

19/12/2014

Recovery of Ozone Layer Would Come Sooner If…

The Vienna Convention on Protection of the Ozone Layer and its Montreal Protocol achieved universal ratification in 2009 and remain the first and only treaties to realize that aspiration | Source: UNEP

Additionally, earlier phase out of relatively small remaining uses of ODSs, which are currently exempted for reasons of essentiality and criticality to society, would hasten ozone recovery, the report says. Altogether, preventing those emissions can speed up the recovery of the ozone layer by about 11 years.

19/12/2014

‘Save the Lives of Migrants; Stop Smugglers from Exploiting their Desperation’

Human Wrongs Watch

Geneva — On International Migrants Day 2014, December 18th, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Director General William Lacy Swing calls for urgent action to save the lives of migrants and stop smugglers from exploiting their desperation to extort huge sums of money.

IOM Calls for Action to Save Migrants’ Lives On December 18th – International Migrants Day

IOM data show that the number of migrants dying on dangerous journeys in the hope of finding better lives for themselves and their families, is rising.

Some 5,000 migrants (4,868) lost their lives this year at sea or in remote deserts or mountains. This makes 2014 the deadliest year on record, with double the number of last year’s deaths.

19/12/2014

Australia’s New Migration Bill Shifts Task to Security

Human Wrongs Watch

Bangkok, 18 December 2014 (IRIN)* – This week’s passing into law of Australia’s Migration and Maritime Powers Legislation Amendment Act, which comes on the heels of a year of tightened border controls and refugee intake policy changes, could chill regional cooperation. 

Experts say it reflects global trends of treating migration as a security problem, and acknowledge that might be an important avenue for Southeast Asian regional policy development.

Since September 2013 Australia has run Operation Sovereign Borders (OSB), a military-led initiative the government describes as an effort to “to combat people-smuggling and protect Australia’s borders”.

Navy ships intercept boats carrying asylum seekers, who are then detained in off-shore processing centres, the conditions of which have been criticized repeatedly, including by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).

19/12/2014

On International Day, UN Urges Greater Attention to ‘Precarious’ Situation of World’s 232 MillionMigrants

Human Wrongs Watch

Far too many migrants still live and work in precarious and unjust conditions, Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon on 18 December 2014 said in a message to mark International Migrants Day.

A scene at the Sukarno-Hatta International Airport in Jakarta. Thousands of women leave their homes in Indonesia to work as domestic workers each year. Photo: IRIN/David Swanson

“We call for the fulfillment and protection of the human rights of the world’s 232 million migrants,” said Ban.*

17/12/2014

World Bank safeguards ‘go out of their way’ to avoid references to human rights – UN Expert

Human Wrongs Watch

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, Philip Alston, on 17 December 2014 urged the World Bank to recognize the central importance of human rights to its draft environmental and social policies, also known as safeguard policies, which apply to its investment project financing.

**Image: Lord Keynes (right) and Harry Dexter White, the "founding fathers" of both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). | Author: International Monetary Fund

**Lord Keynes (right) and Harry Dexter White, the “founding fathers” of both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). | Author: International Monetary Fund

In a joint letter to World Bank President Jim Yong Kim, Alston and 27 other rights experts highlighted specific concerns with the proposed new safeguards policies, which were released by the Bank in July for public consultation, as part of the multi-stage review.

“The draft safeguards seem to go out of their way to avoid any meaningful references to human rights,” Alston stressed in a news release.

“The Bank’s position is effectively a sleight of hand,” he noted.

 

17/12/2014

The Sad Future of Our Planet

Human Wrongs Watch 

By Roberto Savio*

Rome, 17 December 2014 — It is now official: today’s inter-governmental system is not able to act in the interest of humankind.

Photo credit: Greenpeace

Photo: Greenpeace

The U.N. Climate Change Conference in Lima – which ended on 14 December 2014, two days after it was scheduled to close – was the last step before the next Climate Change Conference in Paris in December 2015, where a global agreement must be found.

In Lima, 196 countries with several thousand delegates negotiated for two weeks to find a common position on which to convene in Paris in one year’s time.

Lima was preceded by an historical meeting between U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping, in which the world’s two main polluters agreed on a course of action to reduce pollution.

Well, Lima has produced a draft climate pact, adopted by everybody, simply because it carries no obligation. It is a kind of global gentlemen’s agreement, where it is supposed that the world is inhabited only by gentlemen, including the energy corporations.

17/12/2014

The Complicity of Psychologists in CIA Torture

Human Wrongs Watch

By Roy Eidelson and Trudy Bond*, December 2014 – TRANSCEND Media Service

What the American Psychological Association Knew

Earlier this week the Senate Intelligence Committee released the long-awaited executive summary of its 6,000-page classified report on the CIA’s brutal post-9/11 detention and interrogation program.

**Image: Waterboard on display at the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum: prisoners' feet were shackled to the bar on the right, wrists restrained by shackles on the left. Water was poured over the face using the watering can | 7 December 2007 | Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/waterboardingdotorg/2104419905 | Author: waterboardingdotorg | Wikimedia Commons.

**Image: Waterboard on display at the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum: prisoners’ feet were shackled to the bar on the right, wrists restrained by shackles on the left. Water was poured over the face using the watering can | 7 December 2007 | Author: waterboardingdotorg | Wikimedia Commons.

The report provides gruesome details of the abuse that took place in several “black site” prisons – waterboarding, confinement in a coffin-sized box, threatened harm to family members, forced nudity, freezing temperatures, “rectal feeding” without medical need, stress positions, diapering, days of sleep deprivation, and more.

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