23/06/2017

We Need Their Voices Today! Chapter (3) Thomas Jefferson

Human Wrongs Watch

By John Scales Avery*

John Scales Avery, author of this book: We Need Their Voices Today! has generously granted Human Wrongs Watch permission to publish it in a series of chapters. This is Chapter 3: Thomas Jefferson. The others will follow successively. 

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Figure 4.1: Thomas Jeerson in a painting by R. Peale (Wikipedia).

Jefferson’s Education

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was born in the British Colony of Virginia.

His father, Peter Jefferson, who was a planter and surveyor, died when Thomas Jefferson was 14 years old, and Thomas inherited an estate of approximately 5000 acres.

At the age of 16, Jefferson entered the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg Virginia. His studies there included mathematics and philosophy. He became familiar with John Locke, Francis Bacon and Isaac Newton.
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23/06/2017

Millions Could Escape Poverty by Finishing Secondary Education – UNESCO

Human Wrongs Watch

22 June 2017 – While a new United Nations study shows that the global poverty rate could be more than halved if all adults completed secondary school, data show high out-of-school rates in many countries, making it likely that education completion levels will remain well below that target for generations. 

Youth in the classroom. Photo: Deshan Tennekoon/World Bank. | Reproduced from UN News Centre.

“The new analysis on education’s far-reaching benefits released today should be good news for all those working on the Sustainable Development Goal to eradicate poverty by 2030,” said Irina Bokova, Director-General of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

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23/06/2017

Global Narcotics Market ‘Thriving;’ Range of Available Drugs Diversifying at Alarming Pace – UN

Human Wrongs Watch

Of the quarter of a billion people who used drugs in 2015, about 29.5 million – or 0.6 per cent of the global adult population – were engaged in “problematic use” and suffered from drug use disorders, including dependence, according to report out on 22 June 2017 from the United Nations drugs and crime agency.

Drug seizures, South Africa. Photo: UNODC

Opioids were the most harmful drug type and accounted for 70 per cent of the negative health impact associated with drug use disorders worldwide, said the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

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23/06/2017

Sexual Violence Fuels Vicious Recruitment Cycle in Congolese Militia

Human Wrongs Watch

UNITED NATIONS, Jun 20 2017 (IPS) – In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the active recruitment of young girls by armed militias has produced disastrous effects—facing social stigma when they’re freed, many girls find their way back to these violent groups and rejoin them.

While measures such as the Child Protection Code brought back 46,000 children from armed groups, only seven percent of those freed were girl soldiers

Former soldiers who have returned to school successfully in Congo. Credit: Child Soldiers International

Half of the girls, employed as what are called “operation units”, are sexually assaulted by soldiers. Among these violent defensive militias in DRC, also known as Mai Mai, girls accounted for up to 40 percent of all underage soldiers. Continue reading

22/06/2017

World Population to Hit 9.8 Billion by 2050 Despite Lower Fertility Rates

Human Wrongs Watch

The world population is now nearly 7.6 billion, up from 7.4 billion in 2015, spurred by the relatively high levels of fertility in developing countries – despite an overall drop in the number of children people have around the globe – the United Nations on 21 June 2017 reported.

A view of passengers aboard trains connecting the suburbs of Kolkata, India. UN Photo/Kibae Park.

The concentration of global population growth is in the poorest countries, according to World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, presenting a challenge as the international community seeks to implement the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which seeks to end poverty and preserve the planet.

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22/06/2017

We Need Their Voices Today! Chapter (2) Thomas Paine

Human Wrongs Watch

By John Scales Avery*

John Scales Avery, author of this book: We Need Their Voices Today! has generously granted Human Wrongs Watch permission to publish it in a series of chapters. This is Chapter 2: Thomas PaineThe others will follow successively. 

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Figure 3.1: Thomas Paine in a portrait by Mathew Pratt (Wikipedia).

Early life

Thomas Paine was born in 1737 in Thetford, Norfolk, England. His father was a manufacturer of rope stays used on ships, and after attending grammar school, Paine was apprenticed to his father.

Later, he held a variety of positions in England, including excise officer and school-teacher.

Paine also opened a tobacco shop, but it failed, and the resulting financial difficulties put Paine in danger of debtor’s prison. He was saved from this fate by Benjamin Franklin, to whom he had been introduced by a fellow excise officer. Franklin suggested to Paine that he should emigrate to America, and he set sail in 1774. Continue reading

22/06/2017

No Wall for Ethiopia, Rather an Open Door—Even for Its Enemy

Human Wrongs Watch

ADINBRIED, Ethiopia, Jun 22 2017 (IPS) – It’s one thing to read about the exodus of souls flowing out of Eritrea, it’s quite another to look into the tired eyes, surrounded by dust and grime, of a 14-year-old Eritrean girl who’s just arrived on the Ethiopian side of the shared border.

Eritrean teenagers and young men, aged from 16 to 20, waiting at the Badme entry point to be moved to the screening registration center. Credit: James Jeffrey/IPS

Eritrean teenagers and young men, aged from 16 to 20, waiting at the Badme entry point to be moved to the screening registration center. Credit: James Jeffrey/IPS

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She is carrying a scruffy plastic bag. Inside are a few clothes, an orange beaker, and a small torch whose batteries have nearly run out.

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21/06/2017

Record High Temperatures Grip Much of the Globe, More Hot Weather to Come – UN 

Human Wrongs Watch

Extremely high May and June temperatures have broken records in parts of Europe, the Middle East, North Africa and the United States, the United Nations weather agency on 20 June 2017 reported, warning of more heatwaves to come.

The sun sets behind a series of overhead power lines. Photo: World Bank/ Curt Carnemark | Reproduced here from the UN News Centre

The heatwaves have arrived unusually early, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said, noting at the same time that average global surface temperatures over land and sea are the second highest on record for the first five months of 2017, according to analyses by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

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21/06/2017

Inside the World of Indian Moneylenders

Human Wrongs Watch

By Moin Qazi*

19 Jun 2017  – TRANSCEND Media Service – Almost every farmer in India’s massive rural swathes is tethered, in one way or another, to the sahukar, the Indian variety of the moneylender, the ubiquitous, ravenous loan shark.

moin-qazi

Moin Qazi

For centuries, moneylenders have monopolized rural Indian credit markets.

Families have lost land, farmers have been asked to prostitute their wives to pay off debts, and, when all else has failed, they have tied the noose to end their misery.

An inescapable cycle of debt continues to grip rural India, particularly its farming class. Yet the public image of menacing debt collectors does not reflect the actual plight of India’s three million farmers.

Moneylenders have been around for generations, but their business has boomed ever since India’s economic priorities shifted, with globalization, from agriculture to industry.

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21/06/2017

A Nonviolent Strategy to Defeat Genocide

Human Wrongs Watch

By Robert J. Burrowes*

DAYLESFORD, Australia, 20 June, 2017 – It is a tragic measure of the depravity of human existence that genocide is a continuing and prevalent manifestation of violence in the international system, despite the effort following World War II to abolish it through negotiation, and then adoption and ratification of the 1948 Genocide Convention.

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Robert J. Burrowes

According to the Genocide Convention, genocide is any act committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group by killing members of the group, causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group and/or forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. Continue reading

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