27/07/2016

Climate Victims – Every Second, One Person Is Displaced by Disaster

Human Wrongs Watch

ROME, 27 July 2016 (IPS) – Climate change and related extreme weather events have devastated the lives and livelihoods of tens of millions of most vulnerable people worldwide– by far exceeding the total of all the unfortunate and unjustifiable victims of all terrorist attacks combined. However, the unstoppable climate crisis receives just a tiny fraction of mainstream media attention. See these dramatic facts.

Land degradation - Sustainable land management: do nothing and you will be poorer. Credit: UNEP

Land degradation – Sustainable land management: do nothing and you will be poorer. Credit: UNEP

“Every second, one person is displaced by disaster,” the Oslo-based Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) reports. “In 2015 only, more than 19.2 million people fled disasters in 113 countries. “Disasters displace three to ten times more people than conflict and war worldwide.”

As climate change continues, it will likely lead to more frequent and severe natural hazards; the impact will be heavy, warns this independent humanitarian organisation providing aid and assistance to people forced to flee.

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27/07/2016

Narrow National Interests Threaten Historic Refugee Agreement

Human Wrongs Watch

By Aruna Dutt*

UNITED NATIONS, 27 July 2016 (IPS) – Narrow national interests are threatening to derail an upcoming UN summit which aims to bring countries together to find a more humane and coordinated approach to large movements of refugees and migrants.
Border guards in Bangladesh refused entry to Rohingya refugees from Myanmar in 2012. Credit: Anurup Titu/IPS

Border guards in Bangladesh refused entry to Rohingya refugees from Myanmar in 2012. Credit: Anurup Titu/IPS

 

The existing system, which was established after World War II, is struggling to cope with record numbers of displaced persons, Peter Sutherland, the UN Special Representative of the Secretary General for International Migration said at an event at the International Peace Institute in New York last week. Continue reading

27/07/2016

2016 on Pace to Be Hottest Year Ever – Climate Change Trends Reach ‘New Climax’

Human Wrongs Watch

Global temperatures for the first six months of this year reached new highs, setting 2016 on track to be the hottest-ever on record, the United Nations weather agency on 21 July 2016 said.

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“Another month, another record. And another. And another. Decades-long trends of climate change are reaching new climaxes, fuelled by the strong 2015/2016 El Niño,” said World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Secretary-General Petteri Taalas in a press release.

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27/07/2016

Temperature in Kuwait Hits 54 Celsius, Sets Record for Asia

Human Wrongs Watch

26 July 2016 – The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), a United Nations specialized agency, will set up a committee to examine whether a 54 degrees Celsius temperature recently recorded in Kuwait, has set the new highest temperature for Asia, as well as for the entire Eastern hemisphere.

Dohuk, Iraq, Sharia camp (file). Photo: OCHA/Gwen McClure

The region saw unusually high temperatures with Mitrabah, Kuwait, reporting a temperature of 54 degrees Celsius (129.2 degrees Fahrenheit) on 21 July, and the city of Basra in Iraq reporting 53.9 degrees Celcius (128 Fahrenheit) on Friday 22 July.

Southern Morocco also saw temperatures of between 43 degrees and 47 degrees Celsius.

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27/07/2016

The Psychology of Ideology and Religion

Human Wrongs Watch

By Robert J. Burrowes*


DAYLESFORD, Australia, 27 July, 2016 — Two of the drivers of world affairs that manifest in the daily decisions that affect our lives are ideology and religion.

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**The Yazılıkaya sanctuary in Turkey, with the twelve gods of the underworld. Credit: Klaus-Peter Simon. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

Ideology is the term widely used to describe the underlying set of values, myths, ideas, attitudes, beliefs and doctrine that shape the behavioural approach to political, economic, social, cultural and/or ecological activities of an individual or organisation.

This organisation might be a political party, government, multinational corporation, terrorist group, non-government organisation, community or activist group. Continue reading

26/07/2016

How Did We Arrive to This Chaos?

Human Wrongs Watch

ROME, 26 July, 2016 (IPS) – A Chinese curse is “May you live in interesting times”. That meant that too many events would disrupt the essential elements of harmony, on which the Chinese pantheon is based.

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Roberto Savio

We certainly live in very interesting times where every day dramatic events pile on us, from terrorism to coup d’etat, from climate disaster to the decline of institutions and ever increasing social turmoil.

It would be important, even if very difficult, to look in a nutshell why we are in this situation now – “lack of harmony.” So here goes a dramatically compressed explanation.

Let us start from a little known fact. After the Second World War, there was a general consensus on the need to avoid the repetition of its horrors.

The United Nations served as the meeting place for all countries, and the Cold War created as a reaction, an association of the newly independent countries, the Non Aligned countries, which acted as a buffer between the East and West camps.

More, the North South divide become the most important aspect of international relations. So much so that in 1973, the United Nations General Assembly adopted unanimously a resolution on a New International Economic Order (NIEO).

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26/07/2016

400 Million People Live with Hepatitis But They Do Not Know

Human Wrongs Watch

ROME, Jul 26 2016 (IPS) – With some 400 million people around the world infected with hepatitis B or C, mostly without being aware, the United Nations top health agency encourages countries to boost testing and access to services and medicines for people in need to combat the ‘ignored perils’ of this disease.

Peru is carrying out a strategy to eliminate mother-to-child-transmission of hepatitis B. The most important preventative intervention is the universal vaccination, which can prevent infection in 95 per cent of cases. Photo credit: PAHO

Peru is carrying out a strategy to eliminate mother-to-child-transmission of hepatitis B. The most important preventative intervention is the universal vaccination, which can prevent infection in 95 per cent of cases. Photo credit: PAHO

A staggering 95 per cent of people infected with hepatitis B or C do not know they are infected, often living without symptoms for many years, the World Health Organisation (WHO) warns. And over 90% of people with hepatitis C can be completely cured within 3–6 months.

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26/07/2016

Modern-Day Slavery in Oman? Domestic Workers in Peril

Human Wrongs Watch

By Dominique Von Rohr*

ROME, 25 July 2016 (IPS) – In order to escape poverty and support their families back home, thousands of domestic workers from South and South-East Asia migrate to Oman with the promise of stable employment in local households.

Domestic migrant workers from South and South-East Asia are now considered  Oman's "modern-day slaves". Credit: Zofeen Ebrahim/IPS

Domestic migrant workers from South and South-East Asia are now considered Oman’s “modern-day slaves”. Credit: Zofeen Ebrahim/IPS

Once they arrive in Oman, new employers often seize their passports so that they cannot depart when they want, ultimately, denying them their freedom of movement.

They are made subject to excessive working hours, sleep deprivation and starvation. Many suffer from verbal or sexual abuse. Continue reading

26/07/2016

A Third Industrial Development Decade for the ‘Poorest Region in the World’ – Africa

Human Wrongs Watch

Underlining the need for the sustainable industrialization of Africa, the United Nations General Assembly on 25 July 2016 unanimously adopted a resolution proclaiming the period 2016-2025 as the Third Industrial Development Decade for Africa.

Dignity factory workers producing shirts for overseas clients, in Accra, Ghana. Photo: Dominic Chavez/World Bank | Source: UN news Centre

By the terms of the resolution, which was adopted without a vote, the General Assembly called on the African Union (AU) Commission, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, the Economic Commission for Africa and, specifically, the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), to develop, operationalize and lead the implementation of the programme for the Third Decade, in accordance with its mandate and through voluntary contributions.

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25/07/2016

Rights of Indigenous Peoples ‘Critical’ to Combat Climate Change

Human Wrongs Watch

ROME, 25 July 2016 (IPS) – No longer it is about restoring the legitimate rights of over 370 indigenous peoples spread across 70 countries worldwide, many of them living in dire situation, but now about their central, critical role in combating climate change.

Maasai pastoralists, who participate in a farmer field school, are selling animals at a local market in Narok, Kenya. Indigenous peoples have a key role to play in addressing climate change. Credit: FAO

Maasai pastoralists, who participate in a farmer field school, are selling animals at a local market in Narok, Kenya. Indigenous peoples have a key role to play in addressing climate change. Credit: FAO

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples has relentlessly emphasised this new reality.

“Very few countries have so far made a clear commitment to a requirement in the Paris Climate Change Agreement that countries undertaking climate change activities should ensure the rights of indigenous peoples,” she says. Continue reading

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