Archive for ‘Latin America & Caribbean’

18/10/2018

‘Virginity Testing’: a Human Rights Violation, with No Scientific Basis – UN

17 October 2018 – A group of United Nations agencies has issued a joint statement calling for a ban on tests meant to assess the virginity of a girl or a woman, which is a common practice in at least 20 countries.

 

WHO | End Virignity Testing Infographic.

The statement, which was issued during the World Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) in Rio de Janeiro, stresses that such tests are both unscientific, and a violation of human rights.

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18/10/2018

World’s Population Set to Grow by 2.2 Billion Between Now and 2050; More than Half of that Growth -1.3 Billion- Likely to Be in Sub-Saharan Africa

Human Wrongs Watch

The world’s population is set to grow by 2.2 billion between now and 2050, the UN said on 17 October 2018, and more than half of that growth – 1.3 billion – is likely to be in sub-Saharan Africa, where women’s rights are hampered by limited access to healthcare and education, along with “entrenched gender discrimination”.

UNFPA/Ollivier Girard | A woman walks with her child in Niger. 2018.
18/10/2018

“We, The Peoples…”

By Federico Mayor Zaragoza*

Adopting a Universal Declaration on Democracy to enter into a new era in the proper way.

FMayorZaragoza

Federico Mayor Zaragoza

17 October 2018 (Other News)* – In San Francisco in 1945, at the end of the Second World War, United Nations was founded under the American leadership of President Roosevelt, with a Chart beginning with the following words:

“We the peoples are determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”.

Today more than ever it is important to bear in mind that it is humanity as a whole that should be taken into account… Governments should come in second place, after the people…

Universal principles and values are often not complied with in the daily life of our “Global Village”.

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17/10/2018

Overseas Investment Falling, Developing Countries Largely Unscathed – UN Trade Agency

Human Wrongs Watch

Foreign direct investment (FDI) has dropped 40 per cent year-on-year so far, the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) said on 15 October 2018, but the $470 million decline is happening mainly in wealthy, industrialized nations, especially in North America and Western Europe.

World Bank/Mariana Ceratti | The Port of Salvador on All Saints Bay, Bahia, Brazil. As one of the bigger, emerging economies reliant on commodity exports, Brazil can expect some economic improvement, according to a United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) report. Photo from UN News.

Overall, the global financial picture is “gloomy”, said UNCTAD’s James Zhan, Director, Division on Investment and Enterprise. He explained that foreign direct investment is important because it gives countries access to external capital, technology, market access and tax contributions.

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17/10/2018

Food Costs Should Cause ‘Shock and Outrage’ as Countries in Conflict See Spiralling Prices

Human Wrongs Watch

ROME, 16 October 2018 (World Food Programme)* – Fresh research by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), released to coincide with World Food Day, shows food becoming ever less affordable in countries in conflict or subject to political instability. In dozens more countries, persistently high food costs are putting the hope of a nutritious meal beyond the reach of millions.

Food costs often remain intensely disproportionate in relation to income in many parts of the world. This is the case across much of Africa, as well as in parts of Asia and, to a lesser degree, of Latin America. Copyright: WFP/Gabriela Vivacqua

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17/10/2018

The Importance of Alternative Media

Human Wrongs Watch

By John Scales Avery – TRANSCEND Media Service*

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John Scales Avery

The Superficiality of Today’s Television

Social critic Neil Postman contrasted the futures predicted in Nineteen Eighty-Four and Brave New World in the foreword of his  1985 book, Amusing Ourselves to Death. He wrote:

What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one. Orwell feared those who would deprive us of information. Huxley feared those who would give us so much that we would be reduced to passivity and egotism. Orwell feared that the truth would be concealed from us. Huxley feared the truth would be drowned in a sea of irrelevance.”

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17/10/2018

The Struggle over Natural Resources – ‘In Africa, 75 Per Cent of Wars Since 1990 Have Been Partially Funded by Resources Such as Diamonds and Valuable Minerals’

Human Wrongs Watch

Conflict diamonds and climate change: Cooperate, don’t compete over natural resources urges Guterres.

UNHCR/Colin Delfosse | Burundian refugees collect water at Lusenda camp, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

The struggle over natural resources often lies at the heart of violent conflicts, fuelling strife in many parts of the world, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said on 16 October 2018, urging governments and everyone with a stake in valuable resources, to think hard about how they are managed and exploited.

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16/10/2018

Business ‘Dragging Its Feet’ on Human Rights Worldwide – UN Experts Report

Human Wrongs Watch

Too many businesses are putting profit above human rights and “ignoring” their obligations, while governments fail to “regulate and lead by example”, according to a United Nations human rights report, published on 16 October 2018.

© World Bank/Flickr | Factory workers in Accra, Ghana. 2015. | Photo from UN News.

In the report drawn up by a group of UN rights experts, companies are being urged to comply with the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights , which provides a framework for how States and investors, should address shortcomings in board rooms and business practice at all levels.

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16/10/2018

‘Policies Should Not Stem Migration, But Maximize Its Potential and Minimize Negatives’

Human Wrongs Watch

New report analyses links between rural and international migration

Photo: ©FAO/Simon Maina

A forest-dependent mother walks through the brush with her child in Tanzania. The State of Food and Agriculture 2018 explores the links between agriculture, rural development and migration.

ROME, 15 October 2018 (FAO)* – A new report on migration launched today by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization urges that policies should not stem or accelerate migration but maximize the contribution of rural migration to economic and social development while minimizing the costs.

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16/10/2018

Benefits of Rural Migration Effect Often Overlooked — New Report 

Human Wrongs Watch

Agricultural policies should work to maximize the contributions of rural migration to economic and social development, while minimizing the costs, says a major new report released on 15 October 2018 by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

©FAO/Tamiru Legesse | 03 May 2017, Kalu, Ethiopia – Members of ‘Selam Vegetable Growers Group” working on a vegetable garden. Local young people are vulnerable to distress migration and the horticulture enterprise assists them to create self-employment opportunity.

The agency’s annual report titled, The State of Food and Agriculture 2018 (SOFA), points to migration as a choice, its costs and benefits, and lays out the implications arising from important investment decisions surrounding rural development.

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