Archive for ‘Market Lords’

29/07/2016

Chronic Hunger Lingers in the Midst of Plenty

Human Wrongs Watch

By Neeta Lal*

NEW DELHI, 28 July 2016 (IPS) – In a fraught global economic environment, exacerbated by climate change and shrinking resources, ensuring food and nutrition security is a daunting challenge for many nations. India, Asia’s third largest economy and the world’s second most populous nation after China with 1.3 billion people, is no exception.

Despite being one of the biggest grain producers of the world, India lags behind on food security with nearly 25 percent of its population going to bed hungry. Credit: Neeta Lal/IPS

Despite being one of the biggest grain producers of the world, India lags behind on food security with nearly 25 percent of its population going to bed hungry. Credit: Neeta Lal/IPS

The World Health Organization defines food security as a situation when all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preference for an active and healthy life. The lack of a balanced diet minus essential nutrients results in chronic malnutrition.

29/07/2016

Urgent Support Needed for 23 Million People in Drought-Hit Southern Africa 

Human Wrongs Watch

28 July 2016 – Some 23 million people in southern Africa are in need of urgent support to be able to produce enough food to feed themselves and avoid being dependent on humanitarian assistance until mid-2018, the United Nations agricultural agency has warned.

Widespread crop failure has exarcerbated chronic malnutrition in the Southern Africa region. Photo: FAO/Desmond Kwande

According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), if farmers are not able to plant by October, the result will be another reduced harvest early next year, severely affecting food and nutrition security as well as livelihoods in the region.

“The main way people are able to access food is through what they themselves produce. Assisting them to do this will provide lifesaving support in a region where at least 70 percent of people rely on agriculture for their livelihoods,” David Phiri, FAO Subregional Coordinator for Southern Africa, said in a news release issued by the agency.

29/07/2016

Despite Progess, Poaching of African Elephants Still ‘Unacceptably High’ 

Human Wrongs Watch

Many African elephants continued to face serious threats to their survival in 2015 from the illegal trade in ivory and unacceptably high levels of poaching, although the sharp upward trends in poaching since 2006 have started to level off, according to the Secretariat of the United Nations-backed treaty regulating wildlife trade.

05-25-2016Elephant

Between 2010 and 2012, 100,000 elephants were killed for their ivory in Africa. Photo: UNEP GRID Arendal/Peter Prokosch

“There are some encouraging signs” but “much more remains to be done,” 28 July 2016  said John E. Scanlon, the Secretary-General of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in a press release.

29/07/2016

More Heatwave Deaths to Come as Climate Change Pushes Up Temperatures

Human Wrongs Watch

Warning of a possible rise in heatwave deaths due to climate change, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) on 28 July 2016 called for measures to reduce mortality from this natural hazard.

In Sindh province, Pakistan, a mother tries to shield her four-year-old daughter from scorching heat. Photo: UNDP/Hira Hashmey

The warning came days after the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced that global temperatures for the first six months of this year reached new highs, setting 2016 on track to be the hottest-ever on record, and the temperature hit 54 degrees Celsius in Kuwait last week.

28/07/2016

Forests and Crops Make Friendly Neighbors in Costa Rica

Human Wrongs Watch

SAN JOSE, 26 July 2016 (IPS) – While Latin America keeps expanding its agricultural frontier by converting large areas of forest, one country, Costa Rica, has taken a different path and is now a role model for a peaceful coexistence between food production and sustainable forestry.

Tapantí National Park lies east from the capital San José covering more than 50.000 hectares of forest, which in turn provides valuable watershed protection. Picture: Diego Arguedas Ortiz / IPS

Tapantí National Park lies east from the capital San José covering more than 50.000 hectares of forest, which in turn provides valuable watershed protection. Picture: Diego Arguedas Ortiz / IPS

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) flagship publication The State of the World’s Forests revealed that commercial agriculture was responsible for 70 percent of forest conversion in Latin America between 2000 and 2010.

28/07/2016

‘We All Have to Do What We Can’ to Prevent Sexual Exploitation and Abuse – Jane Holl Lute

UNITED NATIONS, 26 July 2016 – The United Nations has a “zero tolerance” policy towards sexual abuse by anyone working under the blue flag.
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Jane Holl Lute, Special Coordinator on improving the United Nations response to sexual exploitation and abuse, gives an interview for the UN News and Media Division’s news outlets. UN Photo/Mark Garten

The matter is one of such weight for the Organization that earlier this year, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Jane Holl Lute as the Special Coordinator on improving the UN response to sexual exploitation and abuse.

28/07/2016

Grievances of Marginalised Communities, Root Causes of Boko Haram Threat

Human Wrongs Watch

To bring an end to the Boko Haram threat in the Lake Chad Basin region, affected countries must address the root causes that contributed to the emergence of the group, including the social, economic and political grievances of marginalized communities, the top United Nations political affairs official on 27 July 2016 said.

In Tagal, Chad, an IDP community meets under a tree. More than 100 persons had to flee from one of the small islands in Lake Chad after Boko Haram insurgents attacked their village. Photo: OCHA/Ivo Brandau

“A military approach, while essential, will not bring end to the Boko Haram threat,” Jeffrey Feltman, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, told the Security Council in his briefing on peace and security in Africa.*

27/07/2016

Climate Victims – Every Second, One Person Is Displaced by Disaster

Human Wrongs Watch

ROME, 27 July 2016 (IPS) – Climate change and related extreme weather events have devastated the lives and livelihoods of tens of millions of most vulnerable people worldwide– by far exceeding the total of all the unfortunate and unjustifiable victims of all terrorist attacks combined. However, the unstoppable climate crisis receives just a tiny fraction of mainstream media attention. See these dramatic facts.

Land degradation - Sustainable land management: do nothing and you will be poorer. Credit: UNEP

Land degradation – Sustainable land management: do nothing and you will be poorer. Credit: UNEP

“Every second, one person is displaced by disaster,” the Oslo-based Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) reports. “In 2015 only, more than 19.2 million people fled disasters in 113 countries. “Disasters displace three to ten times more people than conflict and war worldwide.”

27/07/2016

Narrow National Interests Threaten Historic Refugee Agreement

Human Wrongs Watch

By Aruna Dutt*

UNITED NATIONS, 27 July 2016 (IPS) – Narrow national interests are threatening to derail an upcoming UN summit which aims to bring countries together to find a more humane and coordinated approach to large movements of refugees and migrants.
Border guards in Bangladesh refused entry to Rohingya refugees from Myanmar in 2012. Credit: Anurup Titu/IPS

Border guards in Bangladesh refused entry to Rohingya refugees from Myanmar in 2012. Credit: Anurup Titu/IPS

 

The existing system, which was established after World War II, is struggling to cope with record numbers of displaced persons, Peter Sutherland, the UN Special Representative of the Secretary General for International Migration said at an event at the International Peace Institute in New York last week.

27/07/2016

Temperature in Kuwait Hits 54 Celsius, Sets Record for Asia

Human Wrongs Watch

26 July 2016 – The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), a United Nations specialized agency, will set up a committee to examine whether a 54 degrees Celsius temperature recently recorded in Kuwait, has set the new highest temperature for Asia, as well as for the entire Eastern hemisphere.

Dohuk, Iraq, Sharia camp (file). Photo: OCHA/Gwen McClure

The region saw unusually high temperatures with Mitrabah, Kuwait, reporting a temperature of 54 degrees Celsius (129.2 degrees Fahrenheit) on 21 July, and the city of Basra in Iraq reporting 53.9 degrees Celcius (128 Fahrenheit) on Friday 22 July.

Southern Morocco also saw temperatures of between 43 degrees and 47 degrees Celsius.

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