Archive for ‘Africa’

19/01/2021

“They Left Us Starving”: How the Fashion Industry Abandoned Its Workers

Human Wrongs Watch

By Tansy Hoskins*

Fashion brands must end exploitation in supply chains and offer fair salaries and working conditions, say industry experts.
Women wearing face masks work at Liz Fashion Industry Limited, a garment manufacturer, in Gazipur on the outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh on Jan. 3, 2021 | Salim/Xinhua News Agency/PA Image

18 January 2021 (openDemocracy)* — In 2019 the fashion industry generated $2.5trn in global revenues, making it one of the largest industries in the world. But when COVID-19 struck in 2020, it virtually collapsed.

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19/01/2021

As Climate Change Hits Harder, World Must Increase Efforts to Adapt

17 January 2021 (UNEP)* — 2020 was not only the year of the COVID-19 pandemic. It was also the year of intensifying climate change: high temperatures, floods, droughts, storms, wildfires and even locust plagues. Even more worryingly, the world is heading for at least a 3°C temperature rise this century.

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Image by UNEP / 14 Jan 2021

We need strong action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Paris Agreement goals of holding global warming this century to well below 2°C and pursuing 1.5°C. This would limit the impacts of climate change on vulnerable communities and ecosystems.

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19/01/2021

Destroying the Web of Life: The Destruction of Earth’s Biodiversity Is Accelerating

Human Wrongs Watch

By Robert J. Burrowes*

In August 2010, the secretary-general of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity,  Ahmed Djoghlaf, warned that ‘We are losing biodiversity at an unprecedented rate.’ According to the UN Environment Program, ‘the Earth is in the midst of a mass extinction of life’ with scientists estimating that ‘150-200 species of plant, insect, bird and mammal become extinct every 24 hours’ which is nearly 1,000 times the ‘natural’ or ‘background’ rate.

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Robert J. Burrowes

Moreover, it ‘is greater than anything the world has experienced since the vanishing of the dinosaurs nearly 65m years ago.’ See ‘Protect nature for world economic security, warns UN biodiversity chief’.

Two months later, at the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, held from 18 to 29 October 2010, in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture in Japan, a revised and updated Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, for the 2011-2020 period was adopted. See ‘Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets’.

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16/01/2021

Child Labour Harms Children Mentally, Physically and Morally – It May Involve Them Being Enslaved and Exposed to Serious Hazards and Illnesses

What is child labour? (*)

Child labour is defined by international standards as work that is hazardous, demands too many hours, or is performed by children who are too young.

  • It harms children mentally, physically, socially, and morally
  • It interferes with their schooling, preventing them from attending or concentrating
  • It may involve them being enslaved, separated from their families, and exposed to serious hazards and illnesses

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15/01/2021

‘As Temperatures Rise and Climate Change Impacts Intensify, Nations Must Urgently Step Up Action to Adapt to the New Climate Reality or Face Serious Costs, Damages and Losses’

Human Wrongs Watch

Nairobi, 14 January 2021 (UNEP)*As temperatures rise and climate change impacts intensify, nations must urgently step up action to adapt to the new climate reality or face serious costs, damages and losses, a new UN Environment Programme (UNEP) report finds.

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Pixabay / 14 Jan 2021

Adaptation – reducing countries’ and communities’ vulnerability to climate change by increasing their ability to absorb impacts – is a key pillar of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. The agreement requires its signatories to implement adaptation measures through national plans, climate information systems, early warning, protective measures and investments in a green future.

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15/01/2021

2020, One of Three Warmest Years on Record – World Meteorological Organization

Human Wrongs Watch

Geneva, 14 January 2021 (WMO)* – The year 2020 was one of the three warmest on record, and rivalled 2016 for the top spot, according to a consolidation of five leading international datasets by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). A naturally occurring cooling climate phenomenon, La Niña, put a brake on the heat only at the very end of the year.

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14/01/2021

Fewer Protections, Lower Wages, and Higher Health Risks: Homeworking in the COVID Era

(UN News)* — The UN’s labour agency (ILO) on 13 January 2021 called for greater recognition and protection for the hundreds of millions of people who work from home, accounting for almost eight per cent of the global workforce even before the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Since movement restrictions linked to the global spread of the virus were implement in many countries, the number of people working from home has increased sharply, and that trend is expected to continue in coming years, despite the rollout of vaccines that began in late 2020.

13/01/2021

EU: Respect Rights Amid Pandemic, Economic Downturn

Human Wrongs Watch

By Human Rights Watch*

Tackle Inequality, Abuses against Migrants, Autocratic Backsliding

(Brussels) – The Covid-19 pandemic had a profound impact on the lives and rights of people across the European Union, Human Rights Watch on 13 January 2021 said in its World Report 2021 

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13/01/2021

India: Growing Crackdown on Activists, Critics

Human Wrongs Watch

By Human Rights Watch*

Attacks on Muslims, Marginalized Groups; Abuses Persist in Kashmir

(New York) – The Indian government increasingly harassed, detained, and prosecuted activists, journalists, and others critical of the government or its policies, Human Rights Watch o 11 January 2021 said in its World Report 2021.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government brought politically motivated cases, including under broadly worded sedition and counterterrorism laws, against human rights defenders, student activists, academics, opposition members, and other critics.

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13/01/2021

Small Towns Are Bigger than We Think

Human Wrongs Watch

Innovative FAO study maps urban-rural catchment areas and points to ways to optimize policy and planning coordination for agriculture, services and agri-food systems

Source: ©FAO

 

Southern Africa’s rural-urban pattern.

ROME, 12 January 2021 (FAO)* Fewer than one percent of the global population live in truly remote hinterlands, sharpening the need for better understanding of how urban forms impact food systems as well as social and economic development, according to ground-breaking new research by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the University of Twente.

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