Archive for ‘Others-USA-Europe-etc.’

10/02/2016

Transparency International to Pursue Social Sanctions on 9 Grand Corruption Cases

 Human Wrongs Watch

Contest to identify most symbolic cases of grand corruption reached millions of people

Transparency International on 10 February 2016 launched the sanctioning phase of its Unmask the Corrupt campaign in which the anti-corruption group asked the public to identify the world’s most symbolic cases of grand corruption.*

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**Photo: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, President of Tunisia | Presidencia de la Nación Argentina | Presidencia de la Nación Argentina | Wikimedia commons

Because so many cases received a large number of votes, Transparency International has decided to pursue social sanctions against nine of the symbolic cases (listed below) of grand corruption.

The voting, the website and related social media engaged over 170,000 people and attracted tens of thousands of votes, spreading the word on grand corruption in a powerful way to new audiences.

Grand corruption is the abuse of high-level power that benefits the few at the expense of the many, and causes serious and widespread harm to individuals and society. It often goes unpunished.

10/02/2016

Violence Is a Preventable Disease

Human Wrongs Watch

Nobel Peace Laureate*

BELFAST, 9 February 2016 (IPS) – The World Health Organization has said that ‘Violence is a preventable disease’ and people are not born violent, rather we all live in cultures of violence. This can be changed through nonviolent peacemaking and the persuit of ‘just peace’ and nurturing of cultures of peace.

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Mairead Maguire, a peace activist from Northern Ireland is a 1976 Nobel Peace Laureate

In Northern Ireland for over thirty years we faced violence from all sides, as we lived in a deep ethnic/political conflict.

This violence only ended when everyone acknowledged that militarism and paramilitarism could not solve our human problems, and only through unconditional, all inclusive dialogue and negotiations could we reach a political agreement based on nonviolence, forgiveness, compromise and cooperation.

We spoke ‘to our enemies’ and made peace with them, because we recognized that without peace nothing is possible, and with peace, everything is possible.

We also began to tackle the root causes of our violence, by painstakingly making policy changes.

10/02/2016

125 Million People in Need, 60 Million Forced from their Homes, 37 Countries Affected – World Humanitarian Summit

Human Wrongs Watch

World leaders must come together in 2016 to renew their commitments to humanity and unite to prevent and end crisis and reduce vulnerability, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 9 February 2016 said, telling UN Member States that the World Humanitarian Summit will provide an opportunity for “concrete steps towards ending the suffering experienced by billions of people today.”

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Infographic #1 | United Nations

“We need to show the millions of people living in conflict – with chronic needs and constant fear – the solidarity that they deserve and expect,” the Secretary-General said at the launch of his report, One Humanity: Shared responsibility, for the first-ever World Humanitarian Summit, set for 23 and 24 May in Istanbul, Turkey.

“The urgency of these challenges and the scale of the suffering mean we must accept our shared responsibilities and act decisively, with compassion and resolve,” he added.

09/02/2016

All Sides in Syria Killing Thousands of Detainees in Crimes against Humanity, UN Reports

Human Wrongs Watch

Thousands of detainees have been killed while in the custody of the warring parties in Syria over the past four and a half years, with thousands held by the Government beaten to death or dying from torture and anti-Government groups brutalizing and executing prisoners in war crimes and crimes against humanity, a United Nations commission on 8 February 2016 reported.

Photo: UNHCR/V. Tan

“Nearly every surviving detainee has emerged from custody having suffered unimaginable abuses,” Paulo Pinheiro, Chair of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria, said of those held by the Government in releasing the report in Geneva – Out of sight, out of mind: Deaths in detention in the Syrian Arab Republic.

09/02/2016

Religious Fundamentalism-Extremism-Violence

Human Wrongs Watch

By Johan Galtung*

8 February 2016 – TRANSCEND Media Service

To navigate these difficult conceptual waters we need some rules. Here are three suggestions (the violence can be direct–as sometimes prescribed by the Abrahamic religions–or structural as by Hinduism): 

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Johan Galtung

  1. Anchor “religious fundamentalism” in religious scriptures taken literally according to the fundamentalists, not as “interpreted”;
  2. Anchor “extremism” in violent action, verbal or physical;
  3. Anchor “religious extremism” in violent action justified-legitimized by religious scriptures, by fundamentalists or not.

Fundamentalism has to do with inner faith, belief. Extremism has to do with outer violence against Other, and against Self (like flagellation for being a sinner). Keep them separate. And be careful.

We can have fundamentalism without extremism. The fundamentalist may believe much, beyond the beliefs of others, yet not cross the border to violence. We may say: let him-her do so; it is not obvious that fundamentalists are more violent than non-fundamentalists.

08/02/2016

Appeal for Children

Human Wrongs Watch

UNICEF is launching a US$2.8 billion appeal to reach 43 million children in humanitarian emergencies, of which the largest portion, 25 per cent, targets educating children in emergencies.* 

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Photo: UNICEF

Every year, the lives of millions of children and their families are disrupted, upended or nearly destroyed by emergencies.

Conflict, human-made disasters and wide-ranging, climate-change events challenge the lives of many who are already vulnerable. In all of these situations, UNICEF is there.

This overview offers a clear picture of the many aspects of UNICEF’s global work in humanitarian situations.

08/02/2016

Somalia Offers Yemenis a Safer Home

Human Wrongs Watch

By Mohamed Omar Mulla*

GARDO, 5 February 2016 (IRIN) – Somalia is the new home for 30,560 people who have fled the fighting in Yemen and are trying to adjust to life in a country that – while no longer written off as a “failed state” – certainly has its challenges.
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Many who once left Somalia, fleeing war, are now returning, fleeing a different war.

The majority of those who have landed by boat in the autonomous regions of Puntland and Somaliland since March last year are Somalis, embarking from Yemen’s southern ports.

08/02/2016

“A Fair Day’s Wage for a Fair Day’s Work?”

Human Wrongs Watch

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Rome, 6 February 2016 (IPS) – “During the first months in Italy, I always prayed for rain. I spent hours checking the weather forecast” said Roni, a 26 year old graduate from a middle-income family in Bangladesh. 

According to the Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Policy estimates, three out of four Bangladeshi workers in Italy work in the tertiary sector. 23,3% of them are employed in the hotel, restaurant and catering sector.  Credit: Simba Shani Kamaria Russeau/IPS

According to the Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Policy estimates, three out of four Bangladeshi workers in Italy work in the tertiary sector. 23,3% of them are employed in the hotel, restaurant and catering sector. Credit: Simba Shani Kamaria Russeau/IPS

His father, a public servant and his mother a home maker, Roni had to sell umbrellas on the streets of Rome for more than a year before finding a summer job by the sea at a coffee shop, popularly known as a ‘bar’ in Italy.

07/02/2016

‘Migration and Multilateralism Will Be Hallmarks of 2016’

Human Wrongs Watch

The world is facing a political, economic, moral and social crisis as governments and communities struggle to provide effective solutions for the unprecedented numbers of people fleeing war, instability or persecution, the top United Nations migration official on 5 February 2016 said, calling for deceive multilateral action to tackle “the global issues lurking behind today’s vast movement of people.”

Local volunteer groups help provide hot meals for the increasing numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in Calais, France. Photo: UNHCR/ V. Cochetel

The UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration, Peter Sutherland, said today in Geneva that 2016 “is the year of migration and multilateralism,” and that series of comprehensive initiatives is needed to drive home – and effectively address – the global nature of the issue.

07/02/2016

What We’ve Learned from Fifty Years of Saudi Arms Deals

Human Wrongs Watch

Flickr/airwolfhound, CC BY-SA 2.0 | Source: openDemocracy

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In December 1965, the government of Saudi Arabia signed a ‘Letter of Intent’, confirming its desire to buy arms from UK companies as part of the Saudi Arabian Air Defence Scheme.

The letter paved the way for the purchase of “Forty Lightning fighter jets and twenty-five Jet Provost training aircraft from BAC [the British Aircraft Corporation]; nine radar stations from Associated Electrical Industries (AEI) and training, logistics and other support services from Airwork.”

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