(1) Photo: András D Hajdú/IRIN | Syrian children cross the Hungarian border as they try to reach Europe
The two EU countries that receive the vast majority of arrivals by boat are Italy and Greece.
In Italy, the number of sea arrivals (mostly from Libya) has changed little since last year.
From January to the end of August, there were 114,000, up from 112,000 over the same period in 2014, according to the International Organization for Migration.
This is still higher than Europe would want, but not a number that a rich economic bloc of more than 500 million inhabitants shouldn’t be able to accommodate.
Conflict and political upheaval across the Middle East and North Africa are preventing more than 13 million children from going to school, according to a new UNICEF report.*
© UNICEF/NYHQ2014-1771/El Baba | Classmates hold hands while standing beside rubble from a destroyed part of the Shuje’iyah Girls’ School in eastern Gaza City.
AMMAN, Jordan, 3 September 2015 – Surging conflict and political upheaval across the Middle East and North Africa are preventing more than 13 million children from going to school, according to a UNICEF report released today.
The report, “Education Under Fire” focuses on the impact of violence on schoolchildren and education systems in nine countries* that have been directly or indirectly impacted by violence.
Attacks on schools and education infrastructure – sometimes deliberate – are one key reason why many children do not attend classes.
By Johan Galtung*
Seoul, 2 September 2015 – TRANSCEND Media Service – There was a big conference in 1972 in Kyoto, well over 40 years ago; that was my first effort, with thousands, millions of others. On the agendas for these countless encounters the U-word, “unification”, loomed high.
In Kyoto, I made a distinction between unifying the Korean nation by opening the border for projects beyond unifying families, and unifying the two states. Which one are we talking about?
The second is problematic if it means one state–and one president!–less. Could wait; from a human point of view unifying the nation has priority. Continue reading
BUTHIDAUNG, Myanmar, 1 September 2015 (IRIN)*
– In the 2010 general elections, about 150,000 Muslims in this isolated township in western Myanmar were able to cast ballots. When the country returns to the polls in November the number of Muslim voters here is likely to be about a dozen.
**Photo: Lauren DeCicca/IRIN | An ethnic Rohingya Muslim woman walks past a cart carrying bags of rice in downtown Buthidaung, Myanmar, in early 2014
There’s a simple explanation for the dramatic decline: the government has disenfranchised almost all of Myanmar’s approximately one million minority ethnic Rohingya Muslims.
GENEVA/SKOPJE (UNICEF)* – The number of women and children fleeing violence in their countries of origin and passing through the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia seeking refuge in Europe has tripled in the past three months, UNICEF on 1 September, 2015 said.
An estimated 3,000 people are transiting through the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia daily. A third of them are women and children – up from 10 per cent in June. Some 12 per cent of the women are pregnant.
According to figures from the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Ministry of Interior, 80 per cent originate from Syria, while 5 per cent are from Afghanistan and another 5 per cent are from Iraq. Continue reading
By Almigdad Mojalli*
SANA’A, 1 September 2015 (IRIN)* – Amongst the rubble of ruined Sana’a, the shutters of a once-proud orphanage hang loosely from their hinges. Huddling below smashed windows, a few dozen children, dirty-faced and hungry, wait for food.
**Photo: Almigdad Mojalli/IRIN
Before the war, the orphanage – commonly referred to as just Dar al-Aytam – was known for turning Yemen’s street children into soldiers, business leaders and politicians.
Now, it struggles even to get by. Many children have fled the relentless bombing and run off to track down relatives.
Those who stay get little food and even less education. It is becoming a sad relic, just another victim of the conflict.
By Adrian Edwards*
GENEVA, August 2015 (UNHCR)* – With almost 60 million people forcibly displaced globally and boat crossings of the Mediterranean in the headlines almost daily, it is becoming increasingly common to see the terms ‘refugee’ and ‘migrant’ being used interchangeably in media and public discourse. But is there a difference between the two, and does it matter?
© UNHCR | Refugee or Migrant – word choice matters.
Yes, there is a difference, and it does matter. The two terms have distinct and different meanings, and confusing them leads to problems for both populations. Here’s why:
Refugees are persons fleeing armed conflict or persecution.
There were 19.5 million of them worldwide at the end of 2014.
Their situation is often so perilous and intolerable that they cross national borders to seek safety in nearby countries, and thus become internationally recognized as “refugees” with access to assistance from States, UNHCR, and other organizations.