Archive for July 31st, 2014

31/07/2014

Interview with Johan Galtung, Founder of The International Peace Research Association

Human Wrongs Watch

By Antonio C. S. Rosa**, editor, TRANSCEND Media Service — Interview conducted on the occasion of IPRA’s 50th anniversary celebration at the Istanbul Conference, Turkey, August 11-15, 2014.

IPRA-logo1

Q: Prof. Galtung, please compare IPRA’s relevance, impact and consequence in 1964 and 50 years later in 2014. What have been its influence and concrete achievements?

JG: I do not think IPRA as such has impact, but it has impact on participants from all over the world, and they may have impact, academically, in NGOs, in some case in foreign offices.

Q: What are the affinities between Peace Research and Conflict Resolution theories and practices? Their impact on the world both as a whole, upon leaders and people?

JG: There are many roads to peace, like to health; better travel all of them!  Conflict resolution is one, so is reconciliation, so is a peace culture and many others. But conflict resolution has the advantage that if well done it can have immediate impact:  conflict solved, less frustration, less aggression, less violence, more peace; from one day to the other. At the marital level, from one minute to the next.

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31/07/2014

Do You Know Where Water Goes?

Human Wrongs Watch

By Earth Policy Institute, July 2014 — Water scarcity may be the most underrated resource issue the world is facing today.
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Seventy percent of world fresh water use is for irrigation.

Each day we drink nearly 4 liters of water, but it takes some 2,000 liters of water—500 times as much—to produce the food we consume.

1,000 tons of water is used to produce 1 ton of grain.

Between 1950 and 2000, the world’s irrigated area tripled to roughly 700 million acres.

Source: Earth Policy Instiute

After several decades of rapid increase, however, the growth has slowed dramatically, expanding only 9 percent from 2000 to 2009. Given that governments are much more likely to report increases than decreases, the recent net growth may be even smaller.

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