Archive for October 9th, 2015

09/10/2015

Nasser and I

Human Wrongs Watch

By Uri Avnery*

3 October 2015

FORTY-FIVE YEARS ago Gamal Abd-al-Nasser died at the early age of 52. It is not an event of the past. It continues to have a huge influence on the present, and probably will on the future.

**Nasser greeted by crowds in Alexandria one day after his announcement of the British withdrawal and the assassination attempt against him, 27 October 1954. | Source: [1] at Bibliotheca Alexandrina | Wikimedia Commons

**Nasser greeted by crowds in Alexandria one day after his announcement of the British withdrawal and the assassination attempt against him, 27 October 1954. | Source: [1] at Bibliotheca Alexandrina | Wikimedia Commons

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My meetings with him go back to 1948. I used to joke that “we were very close to each other, but we were never properly introduced!”

It happened like this: in July we were desperately trying to stop the advance of the Egyptian army towards Tel Aviv. The cornerstone of our front was a village called Negba. 

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09/10/2015

The Colombia Peace Accords

Human Wrongs Watch

By Johan Galtung*

5 October 2015 – TRANSCEND Media Service (Bogotá, 30 Sep 2015) – The accords were signed a week ago with still much work to do this coming half a year. 23 March 2016 is the deadline.

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**LOGO

**Banner of the February 2008 anti-FARC rallies with slogans in several languages (from left: Spanish, English, Dutch, and French) | Author: *L*u*z*a* | Create Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic | Wikimedia Commons

However, are they peace accords? Or absence of violence eliminating “that other army”, for Weber’s state monopoly on ultima ratio regis, even strengthening the government’s army?

That Western concept of peace practiced recently in Sri Lanka and Nepal, against LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) and Maoists? Leaving untouched the problems that brought them into being unsolved?

And the word “peace” violated, as “conflict”, saying “post-conflict”, as if nothing more to solve. Words matter; handle them with care.

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09/10/2015

Shale Drives Uncertain New Geo-economics of Oil

Human Wrongs Watch

WASHINGTON, 7 October 2015 (IPS) – The emergence of fracking has modified the global market for fossil fuels. But the plunge in oil prices has diluted the effect, in a struggle that experts in the United States believe conventional producers could win in the next decade.
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Experts predict that in the long term, shale gas production will not be sustainable in the United States. The photo shows a shale gas well in Montrose, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Credit: Emilio Godoy/IPS

Experts predict that in the long term, shale gas production will not be sustainable in the United States. The photo shows a shale gas well in Montrose, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Credit: Emilio Godoy/IPS

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The U.S. oil industry had peaked – when the discovery of new deposits and output from existing wells begins to fall – which made the country more dependent on imports. But the equation was turned around thanks to the new technique.

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09/10/2015

Children Are Children First

Human Wrongs Watch

© UNICEF/NYHQ2015-2165/Georgiev On 10 September, children, women and men who have fled their homes amid the ongoing refugee and migrant crisis walk near the town of Gevgelija.

© UNICEF/NYHQ2015-2165/Georgiev On 10 September, children, women and men who have fled their homes amid the ongoing refugee and migrant crisis walk near the town of Gevgelija.

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Jasamin (3) from Afghanistan is one of the tens of thousands of refugee and migrant children on the move to Europe. I first caught sight of her moments after she crossed the border from Greece into the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, with her parents and Mohamed, her 19-month-old brother.
Like the hundreds of children crossing the same path every day; she was exhausted and confused about where she was and where she was going from here.

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09/10/2015

The ‘Haze Generation’ Living under Indonesia’s Deadly Forest Fires

Human Wrongs Watch

By Zamzami*

7 October 2015 (Greenpeace) – The impacts of Indonesia’s forest fires are being felt most amongst Indonesia’s young, turning them into the “haze generation”.

Greenpeace

Credit: Ulet Infansast/Greenpeace

I flew from Jakarta and landed in the city of Pontianak, the capital of West Kalimantan, in Indonesia, in the middle of a hot and humid September. I was lucky.

My flight was only slightly delayed but there were other flights that were held back for hours. Others were just outright cancelled.

For about two weeks, Pontianak had been blanketed by heavy smog and thick haze emanating from the illegal forest and peatlands fires from parts of Sumatra and areas in West Kalimantan.

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09/10/2015

‘Women Make Tremendous Contributions to the World, But Violence, Discrimination Hold Them Back’

Human Wrongs Watch

October 2015 – Of all the facts contained in the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) latest Global Study on Homicide there is one chilling statistic that leaps out at the reader: Of the 93,000 female homicides globally in 2012, 42,600 were killed by their intimate partners and other family members.

88 countries have stepped it up At a high-level event co-organized by UN Women and the Chinese Government, governments have made concrete national commitments to ensure women and girls can reach their full potential by 2030 | Source: UN Women

*88 countries have stepped it up | At a high-level event co-organized by UN Women and the Chinese Government, governments have made concrete national commitments to ensure women and girls can reach their full potential by 2030 | Source: UN Women

Many women and young girls experience threats, violence, including acts of sexual violence, and discrimination in their daily lives. As women attempt to overcome these problems, justice is often hindered by the bias ingrained within some criminal justice systems.

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09/10/2015

High Commissioner for Refugees Calls for ‘Renewed International Focus’ on (Liberated) Afghanistan

Human Wrongs Watch

UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres appealed to the international community to refocus its attention on Afghanistan, warning that it would be dangerous to ignore the country, and praised Iran and Pakistan for hosting so many Afghan refugees.

© UNHCR/S.Rich | Haqmal (centre), a six year-old returnee from Pakistan loves his new school, the Ansarul-Momineen School in Pajhman, Kabul District Afghanistan.

Stressing Afghanistan was no longer “getting the attention it deserves”, he on 6 October 2015 told UNHCR’s high-level Executive Committee meeting on the Afghan refugee situation: “We believe that to ignore Afghanistan would be a dangerous mistake, regardless of the urgency and scale of other, newer crises.”

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09/10/2015

UN Warns against Growing Politicization of Refugee and Asylum Matters

Human Wrongs Watch

The top protection expert in the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) on 8 October 2015warned of a growing risk to people fleeing conflict and persecution and called for “an all-out effort to ensure that protection, and in particular the institution of asylum, remains life-saving, non-political, and fundamentally humanitarian.”

A refugee lies face down on the stony ground with his hands over his face after reaching shore, near the village of Skala Eressos, on the island of Lesbos, in the North Aegean region of Greece. Photo: UNICEF/Ashley Gilbertson VII

Speaking in Geneva at the UNHCR annual Executive Commitment meeting, Volker Türk, UNHCR’s Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, drew attention to the 60 million forcibly displaced people living in a troubled global landscape of increased conflict, coupled with an ever-more dire humanitarian funding situation.

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09/10/2015

Global Youth Unemployment Rate Still above Financial Crisis Levels

Human Wrongs Watch

Global youth unemployment rates have stabilized somewhat but remain well above pre-financial crisis levels, according to a new report released by the International Labour Organization (ILO) on 8 October 2015.

Source: ILO

Source: ILO

The rate has stabilized at 13 per cent following a period of rapid increase between 2007 and 2010, but it is still well above the pre-crisis level of 11.7 per cent, according to the ILO report Global Unemployment Trends for Youth 2015: Scaling up investments in decent jobs for youth.

It also highlights a drop in the number of unemployed youth to 73.3 million in 2014, some 3.3 million less than the crisis peak of 76.6 million in 2009.

“It is encouraging to see an improvement in the youth employment trends compared to the GET [Global Employment Trends] for Youth 2013,” says Sara Elder, the report’s lead author.

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