Archive for November 25th, 2020

25/11/2020

A Child Infected with HIV Every 100 Seconds – UNICEF

Human Wrongs Watch

25 November 2020 (UN News)*Approximately once every minute and 40 seconds, a child or young person under the age of 20 was infected with HIV last year, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has reported, calling on governments to “protect, sustain and accelerate” efforts to combat childhood HIV.

UNICEF/Frank Dejongh | An HIV-positive woman receives medication for her three-day-old baby at a hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Critical HIV services in many countries have been disrupted due to the coronavirus pandemic.
25/11/2020

Jewelry Companies’ Sourcing Improves, But Falls Short

Human Wrongs Watch

By Human Rights Watch*

Covid-19 Pandemic Devastates Mining Communities, Increases Rights Risks

25/11/2020

New Trade Rules Vital to Protecting the Planet

23 November 2020 (UNEP)* — As satellites from NASA zipped over the planet Earth yesterday, they saw what they have seen every day for months: fires, hundreds of them, tearing through virgin rainforest and other vital ecosystems.

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Many of the blazes, which come at the tail end of a devastating fire season, are believed to have been set by farmers eager to clear land and sate the booming global demand for beef and soybeans.

A new United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report, jointly produced with the International Resource Panel, says that type of unbridled international trade is having a damaging effect not only on rainforests but the entire planet.

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25/11/2020

World Bank Urges Governments to Guarantee Private Profits

Human Wrongs Watch

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KUALA LUMPUR and SYDNEY, Nov 24 2020 (IPS)* – The World Bank has been leading other multilateral development banks (MDBs) and international financial institutions to press developing country governments to ‘de-risk’ infrastructure and other private, especially foreign investments.

Jomo Kwame Sundaram

They promote public-private partnerships (PPPs) supposedly to mobilize more private finance to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

PPP advocacy has been stepped up after developing countries’ pleas for better international tax cooperation were blocked at the third United Nations’ Financing for Development conference (FfD3) in Addis Ababa in mid-2015.

Official support for infrastructure PPPs seems stronger than ever. The Bank’s Global Infrastructure Facility (GIF) was set up to coordinate MDBs, private investors and governments promoting PPPs. Meanwhile, the G20 has been trying to modify the mandates of national and international development banks to enable them to initiate infrastructure PPPs with the private sector.

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25/11/2020

Fears of Desert Locust Resurgence in Horn of Africa

Human Wrongs Watch

(UN News)* — The Desert Locust crisis which struck the greater Horn of Africa region earlier this year threatening food supplies for millions, could re-escalate as recent strong winds carried mature swarmlets from southern Somalia into eastern and northeastern Kenya, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said on Tuesday [24 November 2020].

© FAO/Haji Dirir | Locusts continue to threaten the livelihoods of people in the Horn of Africa.
Although some of the swarmlets that reached Kenya may have already laid eggs before their arrival, there remains a risk of further egg-laying in sandy areas that saw recent rainfalls, according to FAO.

“In this case, hatching and hopper band formation can be expected in early December,” said the agency.

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25/11/2020

Securing Water for Farming and Sanitation Is No Pipe Dream in Africa

24 November 2020 (FAO)* — Months before the COVID-19 pandemic struck, the FAO-led report, The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020, had identified Africa as the region with the fastest-growing number of undernourished people.
medium_5af93f5aa6ff5171c79911796f5c5b15A gravity-fed, gated irrigation system pulls water from Sebwe River at Mubuku, Uganda ©FAO/Eva Pek

In the absence of a dramatic change of fortunes, the report said, Africa was on course to overtake Asia and host more than half of the world’s hungry by 2030. And this, with less than a fifth of the global population.

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