Archive for December 11th, 2012

11/12/2012

Sudan’s Indiscriminate Aerial Attacks Kill Scores of Civilians

Human Wrongs Watch

Nairobi-The Sudanese government’s indiscriminate aerial bombardment and shelling in Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states has killed and injured scores of civilians since the conflict began more than a year ago, Human Rights Watch said in a new report*. Government forces have raided villages, burned and looted civilian property, arbitrarily detained people, and assaulted and raped women and girls.

Girls carrying water at the Doro refugee camp in Maban, Upper Nile state in South Sudan. Female refugees and humanitarian agencies say that the risk of physical and sexual assault while collecting water or firewood is one of the gravest safety ad security concerns faced by female refugees. According to the UNHCR, the United Nations refugee agency, girls (under 18) are 32 percent of the entire Blue Nile refugee population registered in the four camps in Upper Nile state, South Sudan. © 2012 Samer Muscati/Human Rights Watch


**Girls carrying water at the Doro refugee camp in Maban, Upper Nile state in South Sudan. © 2012 Samer Muscati/Human Rights Watch

The 39-page report, “Under Siege,” is based on five research missions to the hard-to-access rebel-held areas in the two states and to refugee camps in South Sudan. 

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11/12/2012

Human Development: China, India, Brazil Lead Shift in Global Dynamics

Human Wrongs Watch

“China has already overtaken Japan as the world’s second biggest economy, lifting hundreds of millions out of poverty in the process; India is actively working to reshape its future with new entrepreneurial creativity and social policy innovation, and Brazil has become an engine of growth for all South America, while reducing inequalities at home through antipoverty programs that are emulated worldwide,” according to a new report*.

HDR2013_CoverThe next Human Development Report – “The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World” – will be published in early 2013.

It will examine the profound shift in global dynamics that is being driven by the fast-rising powers of the developing world – and the important implications of this phenomenon for human development.

The report, prepared by the UN Development Program UNDP), adds that Turkey, Thailand, South Africa, Mexico, Indonesia and many other dynamic developing nations have also become leading actors on the world stage, offering important policy lessons and valuable  partnerships for the South as a whole, including today’s least developed countries.

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11/12/2012

Obama II: Business as Usual or a 21st Century Lincoln?

Human Wrongs Watch

By Jayantha Dhanapala*, IDN-InDepthNews, Washington DC – The US Presidential Inauguration ceremony will be held in Washington DC on Monday, January 21, 2013. The official theme for the 2013 inauguration is “Faith in America’s Future”. For many Americans, and indeed for many international observers, that faith is in desperate need of reaffirmation not only because of the domestic economic crisis, and the political paralysis in the US Congress over its solution, but also because of the decline of the US’s political power and influence internationally.

Lincoln presents the first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet. Painted by Francis Bicknell Carpenter in 1864 | Wikimedia Commons

**Lincoln presents the first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet. Painted by Francis Bicknell Carpenter in 1864 | Wikimedia Commons

Obama’s second Inauguration Day falls in the same month as the 150th anniversary of the US Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War.

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11/12/2012

‘Liberated’ Afghanistan: Women Sold and Bought Despite Protection Laws

Human Wrongs Watch

Afghan women continue to be targeted by acts of gender-based violence despite specific laws designed to protect them, a new report released by the United Nations Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) has warned*.

Afghan women bargain with a rickshaw driver in the city of Herat. Photo: UNAMA/Fraidoon Poya

Afghan women bargain with a rickshaw driver in the city of Herat. Photo: UNAMA/Fraidoon Poya

Enacted in 2009, Afghanistan’s Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) law criminalized numerous forms of violence, including child marriage, forced marriage, the selling and buying of women for the purpose or under the pretext of marriage, the traditional practice of ba’ad which requires the giving away of a woman or a girl to settle a dispute, forced self-immolation and 17 other acts of violence including rape and physical abuse, while also specifying punishment for the perpetrators.

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11/12/2012

Big Gender Gaps Remain in Global Economy, Labour Markets

Human Wrongs Watch

Women face higher unemployment rates than men globally, and the situation is not likely to improve in the near future, says a United Nations report released today that calls for social protection measures, investments in education and policies to promote access to employment, says a new UN report*. 

A female employee at a garment factory in Gazipur, Bangladesh. UN Photo/Kibae Park

A female employee at a garment factory in Gazipur, Bangladesh. UN Photo/Kibae Park

Global Employment Trends for Women 2012, produced by the UN International Labour Organization (ILO) in collaboration with the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), looks at gender gaps in unemployment, employment, labour force participation, vulnerability, and segregation in jobs and economic sectors.

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