Archive for November 30th, 2014

30/11/2014

World AIDS Day: All You Need to Know about HIV

Human Wrongs Watch

29 November 2014 — The following are seven key facts about HIV, as well as a complete set of information regarding AIDS, all of them elaborated by the World Health Organization (WHO) ahead of the World AIDS Day on 1 December 2014, 

Source: WHO

Source: WHO

Key Facts:

  • HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 39 million lives so far. In 2013, 1.5 [1.4–1.7] million people died from HIV-related causes globally.
  • There were approximately 35.0 [33.2–37.2] million people living with HIV at the end of 2013 with 2.1 [1.9–2.4] million people becoming newly infected with HIV in 2013 globally.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region, with 24.7 [23.5–26.1] million people living with HIV in 2013. Also sub-Saharan Africa accounts for almost 70% of the global total of new HIV infections.
  • HIV infection is usually diagnosed through blood tests detecting the presence or absence of HIV antibodies.
  • There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective treatment with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus so that people with HIV can enjoy healthy and productive lives.
  • In 2013, 12.9 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally, of which 11.7 million were receiving ART in low- and middle-income countries. The 11.7 million people on ART represent 36% [34–38%] of the 32.6 [30.8–34.7] million people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Paediatric coverage is still lagging in low- and middle-income countries. In 2013 less than 1 in 4 children living with HIV had access to ART, compared to over 1 in 3 adults.

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30/11/2014

World AIDS Day: "We Must Reach Every Mother, Newborn, Child and Adolescent with HIV Prevention and Treatment"

Human Wrongs Watch

New York, 28 November 2014 (UNICEF)*– An estimated 1.1 million HIV infections among children under 15 have been averted, as new cases declined by over 50 per cent between 2005 and 2013, according to data released by UNICEF ahead of World AIDS Day on 1 December 2014.

Photo: UNICEF

Photo: UNICEF

This extraordinary progress is the result of expanding the access of millions of pregnant women living with HIV to services for the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT). These include lifelong HIV treatment that markedly reduces the transmission of the virus to babies and keeps their mothers alive and well.*

“If we can avert 1.1 million new HIV infections in children, we can protect every child from HIV – but only if we reach every child,” said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake.  “We must close the gap, and invest more in reaching every mother, every newborn, every child and every adolescent with HIV prevention and treatment programmes that can save and improve their lives.”

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30/11/2014

Lima: A Positive End to a Breakthrough Year for the Climate Movement?

Human Wrongs Watch 

By Daniel Mittler*, 28 November, 2014, Greenpeace — There is no question: 2014 has been a key year for the politics of climate change already, even before the latest round of climate talks get under way in Lima, Peru, next week.

Photo: Greenpeace

Photo: Greenpeace

This is the year that you, and people like you, turned the latest, frightening warnings from climate science into a message of hope and defiance.

More than 400,000 people marching in New York to call for fast and just climate action were the powerful symbol of a climate movement reawakening all over the world.

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