Archive for April 22nd, 2015

22/04/2015

Legacy of War

Human Wrongs Watch

By Robert J. Burrowes*

As the world continues to engage in various commemorations in relation to World War I, Australia approaches the centenary anniversary of a defining event in the nation’s history: ANZAC Day. On 25 April 1915, and for many days after, Australia suffered savage losses at Gallipoli in Turkey.

**The Gallipoli Campaign | Author: LoudHmen | Wikimedia Commons (details on bottom)

**The Gallipoli Campaign | Author: LoudHmen | Wikimedia Commons (details at bottom of article)

Sometimes when we reflect on war, we talk about sacrifice for a good cause. Other times, we talk about the cost, in lives or liberties lost.

Occasionally, we talk about the horror. Sometimes we talk about the gains, nationally or internationally, for freedom and democracy.

And rarely, we analyse the causes of war and lament that one day we might end it.

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22/04/2015

Wanted: Young Entrepreneur to Address UN General Assembly Session on Climate Change

Human Wrongs Watch

Are you or do you know a young person from a developing country with an inspiring story about climate action? If so, the United Nations wants to hear from you.

Tokelau’s low-lying Nukunonu Atoll, is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. UN Photo/Ariane Rummery (file photo)

A global search is underway for a young entrepreneur from a developing country to address a special United Nations High-Level Event on Climate Change, set for 29 June, and convened by the President of the General Assembly, Sam Kutesa.*

The event, which will be attended by Ministers, business leaders and representatives from civil society organizations will take place just months before countries meet in Paris in December 2015 to adopt a new universal agreement on climate change.

“The first goal is to check the pulse of Members States to see where we stand. But we also know the world needs to go further to tackle climate change. We are therefore looking for solutions and inspiration from a young person who is already successfully taking climate action in his or her community,” said Kutesa.

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22/04/2015

2015 ‘Critical Year’ for World’s Indigenous Peoples

Human Wrongs Watch

With the deadline of a post-2015 development agenda looming on the horizon, 2015 is set to be an important year for the security and prosperity of the world’s indigenous peoples, United Nations Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson on 20 April 2015 affirmed in remarks delivered to the opening of the fourteenth session of the Organization’s Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.

Opening of the fourteenth session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. UN Photo/Loey Felipe

“The future well-being of the world’s indigenous peoples is a crucial part of this critical year,” the Deputy Secretary-General declared. “Now is the time for indigenous peoples to be at the forefront of a transformative agenda that leaves no one behind.”

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22/04/2015

'Rid the World of Chemical Weapons… Once and for All' – UN

Human Wrongs Watch

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has reminded the international community on the anniversary of the first use of chemical weapons in a Belgian battlefield 100 years ago today [21 April 2015] and amid allegations of their continued use, the only fitting tribute is to rid the world of these indiscriminate arms “once and for all.”

Inspectors from the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) inventory a stockpile of 22mm chemical artillery projectiles (file photo). Credit: OPCW | Source: UN

Confirmation of the use of chemical weapons in Syria two years ago served as “a shocking reminder” that their use has not yet been consigned to history on 21 April 2015 said the Secretary-General in a message delivered on his behalf by Virginia Gamba, Deputy to the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, at a ceremony in Ypres, Belgium, where the first chemical attack was recorded 100 years ago today [21 April 2015]*

“The only fitting tribute to the memory of those who died at Ypres, and to all victims of chemical warfare, is to rid the world of chemical weapons once and for all,” Ban said in a message delivered by Virginia Gamba, Deputy to the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, at an event held at the site of the Second Battle of Ypres.

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22/04/2015

The Future of International Law (Part II)

Human Wrongs Watch

By John Scales Avery*

Abstract

After the invention of agriculture, roughly 10,000 years ago, humans began to live in progressively larger groups, which were sometimes multi-ethnic. In order to make towns, cities and finally nations function without excessive injustice and violence, both ethical and legal systems were needed. Today, in an era of global economic interdependence, instantaneous worldwide communication and all-destroying thermonuclear weapons, we urgently need new global ethical principles and a just and enforcible system of international laws.

Part I dealt with: What is law?, Magna Carta, 1215, The English Bill of Rights, 1689, The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights, 1789, Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928, and United Nations Charter, 1945. 

**Audience of the

**Audience of the “Accordance with International Law of the Unilateral Declaration of Independence by the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government of Kosovo” | Author: Lybil BER | Wikimedia Commons

Part II: International Court of Justice, 1946

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the judicial arm of the United Nations. It was established by the UN Charter in 1945, and it began to function in 1946.

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