Economic Sanctions as Collective Punishment: The Case of Venezuela


Human Wrongs Watch

By Mark Weisbrot and Jeffrey Sachs | CEPR-Center for Economic and Policy Research – TRANSCEND Media Service

w-research-logo-F221ADDC8D-seeklogo.com_.gifExecutive Summary

This paper looks at some of the most important impacts of the economic sanctions imposed on Venezuela by the US government since August of 2017.

It finds that most of the impact of these sanctions has not been on the government but on the civilian population.

The sanctions reduced the public’s caloric intake, increased disease and mortality (for both adults and infants), and displaced millions of Venezuelans who fled the country as a result of the worsening economic depression and hyperinflation.

They exacerbated Venezuela’s economic crisis and made it nearly impossible to stabilize the economy, contributing further to excess deaths. All of these impacts disproportionately harmed the poorest and most vulnerable Venezuelans.

Even more severe and destructive than the broad economic sanctions of August 2017 were the sanctions imposed by executive order on January 28, 2019 and subsequent executive orders this year; and the recognition of a parallel government, which as shown below, created a whole new set of financial and trade sanctions that are even more constricting than the executive orders themselves.

We find that the sanctions have inflicted, and increasingly inflict, very serious harm to human life and health, including an estimated more than 40,000 deaths from 2017–2018; and that these sanctions would fit the definition of collective punishment of the civilian population as described in both the Geneva and Hague international conventions, to which the US is a signatory.

They are also illegal under international law and treaties which the US has signed, and would appear to violate US law as well.

To continue reading the paper download PDF file:

Economic Sanctions as Collective Punishment-The Case of Venezuela

——-

*Mark Weisbrot is Co-Director at the Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).

*Jeffrey Sachs is a Professor of Economics and Director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University.

This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 27 May 2019, TMS: Economic Sanctions as Collective Punishment: The Case of Venezuela

2019 Human Wrongs Watch

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: