Highest Number of People Displaced since World War II – Ethiopia Tops List


Human Wrongs Watch

19 June 2019 (Norwegian Refugee Council)*  — Ethiopia has the highest number of new displacements globally, as new figures reveal over 70 million people are on the move worldwide – the highest number ever recorded.
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Smoke rises from a burning sanitation pit, in the crowded Koloji camp for displaced people. The shelter camp is an hour outside of Jijiga, in the Somali region of eastern Ethiopia. Thousands of families that fled fighting in the Oromia region are sheltering here. With unhealthy conditions and not enough basic services, more aid is needed for the displaced families that struggle to survive here. About 3.2 million Ethiopians are currently displaced within the country. Most have fled inter-communal fighting in recent years. | Photo: Norwegian Refugee Council

“Every day an average of 37,000 people are forced to flee their homes. The international community must provide safety and protection for fleeing families, not build fortified walls to lock refugees out. Rich countries now host a meagre 16 per cent of global refugees, as international peace diplomacy is failing and new horrific wars come on top of too many unresolved conflicts,” said Jan Egeland, Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) while visiting Ethiopia.

Egeland’s visit coincides with World Refugee Day tomorrow, which sees over 70 million people displaced worldwide, according to UNHCR. This is 2.3 million more people than last year and twice as many as 20 years ago.

“No one chooses to be displaced. No one chooses to be uprooted from their homes or forced to flee with nothing but the clothes on their back. Refugees find themselves caught up in a vicious cycle that they did not create but cannot escape. The suffering I witnessed in Ethiopia is heartbreaking,” said Egeland.

Ethiopia has a strong record of welcoming refugees. But the extreme levels of new displacement brought on by internal conflict have put immense strain on the country. An estimated 3.2 million people were displaced by conflict and drought by April this year. On top of this, Ethiopia hosts over 900,000 refugees, mainly from South Sudan, Somalia and Eritrea.

Coffee farmer Abraham was forced to flee to the Gedeo region because of the conflict in West Guji. He told NRC that needs among his community are high: “I have seen a lot of people starve to death because they couldn’t find anything to eat.”

“Ethiopia is the definition of a forgotten crisis,” said Jan Egeland. “Despite colossal needs, the crisis is under-reported, under-financed and under-assisted. The scale and quality of the humanitarian response is grossly inadequate.”

The UN’s aid appeal for Ethiopia called for $1.31 billion for 2019, but is only a third funded halfway through the year.

Despite repeated promises of increased international responsibility sharing, richer countries hosted a meagre 16 per cent of refugees last year, and international support to poorer host countries is insufficient to meet the scale of needs.

“We need a 180-degree shift in attitudes. Wealthier nations must share the heavy-lifting, dig deep and support generous countries like Ethiopia to ease the human suffering of millions fleeing from conflict worldwide,” said Egeland.

Note to editors

  • High quality photos of displaced communities in Ethiopia are available to use here.
  • Video of displaced communities and b-roll of Ethiopia is available here.

Key global refugee figures

  • 70.8 million people are displaced worldwide, the highest figure ever recorded. This is 2.3 million more than last year and twice as many as two decades ago. Of the overall figure, 41.3 million are internally displaced, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. Close to 30 million are refugees and asylum seekers.
  • The largest host countries for refugees are Turkey (3.7 million), Pakistan (1.4 million) and Uganda (1.2 million).
  • In 2018 alone, another 13.6 million people were displaced due to war and persecution, including 10.8 internally displaced and 2.8 million refugees and asylum seekers.
  • 593,800 refugees were able to return home, while 62,600 have been integrated and allowed to start a new life where they are.

*SOURCE: Norwegian Refugee Council. Go to ORIGINAL.

2019 Human Wrongs Watch

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