South Sudan: Future of an Entire Generation of Children, Stolen in One Year

Human Wrongs Watch

The scale of the crisis facing children in South Sudan is “staggering” according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), which on 12 December 2014 warned that the future of an entire generation of the country’s children was being “stolen” by the year-long conflict.

Children in South Sudan. Photo: UNMISS/Ilya Medvedev

Since violence erupted in December 2013, almost 750,000 children have been internally displaced, with 320,000 more living as refugees. UNICEF says that approximately 400,000 children were missing school, 12,000 reported as being used by armed forces and groups, and children were subject to violence, malnutrition and disease.

Enormous Relief Operation

“Monday [15 December] will mark the first anniversary of the return to conflict in South Sudan. The world’s newest country, which began with so much promise three years ago still faces only a fragile peace,” UNICEF spokesperson Sarah Crowe on 12 December 2014 told reporters in Geneva, and one year after the conflict began, children are still under daily threat.

Echoing that concern from on the ground, Jonathan Veitch, UNICEF Representative in South Sudan, said: “The future of South Sudan’s children – and of the country itself – is being grossly undermined by the ongoing fighting…we will continue our enormous relief operation targeting hundreds of thousands of children, but what they need more than anything, is peace.”

As the end of the rainy season improves access on South Sudan’s dirt roads, UNICEF is pre-positioning life-saving supplies at key locations, strengthening its emergency response in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile – the three contested states where needs are most acute.

“We must seize the opportunity the dry season affords us,” said Veitch. “Any humanitarian gains we make, however, are extremely precarious. Should the fighting intensify, as many fear, this will trigger yet more large-scale displacements, and deepen the vulnerability of already exhausted communities and their children.”

That created the urgent need to bring peace and stability to the country by early 2015. While South Sudan avoided falling into famine this year, continued conflict is likely to cause a much more devastating food crisis.

Military and police components of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), conducted a search for weapons and restricted items at the Protection of Civilians (POC) site located in the Tomping area of Juba. UN Photo/JC McIlwaine

Military and police components of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), conducted a search for weapons and restricted items at the Protection of Civilians (POC) site located in the Tomping area of Juba. UN Photo/JC McIlwaine

Malnutrition Rates, Doubled

Despite avoiding famine, malnutrition rates among children in South Sudan have doubled during the conflict. To meet the challenge, UNICEF has scaled up its nutrition programme, bringing additional partners in to help with the expanding caseload. So far, more than 80,000 severely acutely malnourished children have been admitted to therapeutic care.

UNICEF and the UN World Food Programme (WFP) Rapid Response Missions have also been reaching remote communities by air, delivering a range of critical services, including screening and treatment of children for malnutrition as well as safe water and sanitation, immunizations and registration of separated children so they can be reunited with their families.

To counter the interruption of the education of vast numbers of children, a campaign called “Back to Learning” is working to rehabilitate 225 damaged classrooms and provide the estimated 400,000 children forced out of school with access to education.

To fund its emergency response in 2015, UNICEF will need approximately $166 million. (*Source: UN).

Read also: 

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2014 – ‘Never in Recent Memory Have So Many Children Been Subjected to Such Unspeakable Brutality’

A Desperate Struggle Against Starvation in South Sudan

South Sudan: The Extra Mile

South Sudan: Water Shortages Hit Crisis Point in Refugee Camps

Dramatic Situation of Over 100,000 Refugees in South Sudan

‘Alarming’ Health Situation in South Sudan Camps

Manhunt: This is Racism, Pure and Simple

S. Sudan Returnees Complain of ‘Harsh Treatment’ in Israel – UN

South Sudan: Yet Another Kitchen-Garden?

South Sudan the Year After – Violence and Misery Everywhere

South Sudan: “People are Dying, People are Suffering—This Is a Crisis”

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No ‘Back to School’ for 30 Millions of Children Affected by Conflict, Crisis – UN

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2014 Human Wrongs Watch


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