How to Change the Future of Migration


Human Wrongs Watch

ROME, Oct 14 2017 (IPS) The world is on the move. More people have been forced to flee their homes than at any time since the Second World War due to increased conflict and political instability, hunger, poverty, and an increase in extreme weather events linked to climate change.

 

Such a short paragraph hardly depicts the growing drama of migration, but much can be learned from World Food Day 2017, marked on 16 October, which this year proposes specific ways to address the huge challenge of massive human movement.

Large movements of people today are presenting complex challenges, which call for global action, says on this the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), adding that many migrants arrive in developing countries, creating tensions where resources are already scarce, but the majority, about 763 million, move within their own countries rather than abroad.

What to Do?

One key fact to understand the current reality is that three-quarters of the extreme poor base their livelihoods on agriculture or other rural activities.

Consequently, creating conditions that allow rural people, especially youth, to stay at home when they feel it is safe to do so, and to have more resilient livelihoods, is a crucial component of any plan to tackle the migration challenge, says the UN specialised body.

Meantime, one key solution is to invest in food security and rural development, which can address factors that compel people to move by creating business opportunities and jobs for young people that are not only crop-based (such as small dairy or poultry production, food processing or horticulture enterprises).

It can also lead to increased food security, more resilient livelihoods, better access to social protection, reduced conflict over natural resources and solutions to environmental degradation and climate change, FAO adds.

Ten facts you need to know about Hunger

1. The world produces enough food to feed everyone, yet, about 800 million people suffer from hunger. That is one in nine people. 60% of them are women.
2. About 80% of the world’s extreme poor live in rural areas. Most of them depend on agriculture.
3. Hunger kills more people every year than malaria, tuberculosis and aids combined.
4. Around 45% of infant deaths are related to malnutrition.
5. The cost of malnutrition to the global economy is the equivalent of USD 3.5 trillion a year.
6. 1.9 billion people – more than a quarter of the world’s population – are overweight.
7. One third of the food produced worldwide is lost or wasted.
8. The world will need to produce 60% more food by 2050 to feed a growing population.
9. No other sector is more sensitive to climate change than agriculture.
10. FAO works mainly in rural areas, in 130 countries, with governments, civil society, the private sector and other partners to achieve #ZeroHunger.

SOURCE: FAO

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“By investing in rural development, the international community can also harness migration’s potential to support development and build the resilience of displaced and host communities, thereby laying the ground for long-term recovery and inclusive and sustainable growth,” according to the WFD 2017’s theme ”Change the future of migration. Invest in food security and rural development.”

Migration is part of the process of development as economies undergo structural transformation and people search for better employment opportunities within and across countries.

The challenge is to address the structural drivers of large movements of people to make migration safe, orderly and regular, FAO underlines, adding that in this way, migration can contribute to economic growth and improve food security and rural livelihoods.

Pope Francis

Pope Francis has decided to  join FAO’s Director-General José Graziano da Silva, a large number of agriculture ministers, including several from the Group of Seven (G7) most industrialised countries, and the European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development to celebrate World Food Day 2017 at FAO on 16 October.

In an unprecedented gesture, Pope Francis on July this year donated 25,000 euro to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s “efforts supporting people facing food insecurity and famine in East Africa.”

The Pope said the funds are “a symbolic contribution to an FAO programme that provides seeds to rural families in areas affected by the combined effects of conflicts and drought.” See: Pope Francis Donates to FAO for Drought, Conflict-Stricken East Africa. Also see: East Africa’s Poor Rains: Hunger Worsened, Crops Scorched, Livestock Dead

World Food Day 2017 has been marked in the context of a world where global hunger is on the rise for the first time in decades. See: World Hunger on the Rise Again

 

Looking for sustainable solutions to fight famine in conflict situations …. Credit: FAO

Causes and Remedies

The WFD is marked just a week after FAO launched its State of Food and Agriculture 2017 report, in which it recalls that population growth, increasing urbanisation, modern technologies, and climate change are transforming the world at a fast pace.

The report posed questions such as what direction are these transformations headed in? Are they benefiting the poor and the food insecure? And will the food systems of the future be able to feed and employ the millions of young people poised to enter labour markets in the decades to come? See: How to Eradicate Rural Poverty, End Urban Malnutrition – A New Approach

The Day has also been preceded by a new study which reveals a widening gap in hunger. The 2017 Global Hunger Index (GHI) states that despite years of progress, food security is still under threat. And conflict and climate change are hitting the poorest people the hardest and effectively pitching parts of the world into “perpetual crisis.” See: Not True that Hunger Doesn’t Discriminate — It Does

Climate Change and the Migration Crisis

Meanwhile, two UN high officials —Robert Glasser, the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction and the head of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, and William Lacy Swing, the Director General of the International Organization for Migration— have addressed the key issues of climate change and migration.

Climate change migration is reaching crisis proportions, they wrote on 10 October, noting that over the last 18 months, some 20 countries have declared drought emergencies, with millions forced off their land.

According to Glasser and Swing, while it may not be the first time, for many, it could be the last time they turn their backs on the countryside and try to make a life in urban slums and informal settlements, adding that for at least the last two years, more people have been forced from their homes by extreme weather events than by conflict.

“We need to set about the long-haul task of making the planet fit for purpose once more through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and, in the meantime, making it more resilient to disasters, limiting the damage already done.”

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017, for it part, warned that exacerbated by climate-related shocks, increasing conflicts have been a key driver of severe food crisis and recently re-emerged famines.

Conclusion: the causes of growing human suffering have been clearly identified–conflict, political instability, hunger, poverty, and an increase in extreme weather events linked to climate change. Aemedies have been also presented. All is needed is for decision-makers to listen… and implement. The future of migration can in fact be changed.

Related:

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20171006_130222-1*Baher Kamal, Egyptian-born, Spanish-national secular journalist. He is founder and publisher of Human Wrongs Watch
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Kamal is a pro-peace, non-violence, human rights, coexistence defender, with more than 45 years of professional experience.
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With these issues in sight, he covered practically all professional posts, from correspondent to chief editor of dailies and international news agencies. 
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Recent articles by Baher Kamal in Human Wrongs Watch:

Not True that Hunger Doesn’t Discriminate — It Does

How to Eradicate Rural Poverty, End Urban Malnutrition – A New Approach

The World Is Running Out of Much Needed New Antibiotics

To Be an Egyptian Migrant in Rome (and by the Way Make Great Pizza)

Poor Orphan Crops… So Valuable, So Neglected

Conflicts, Climate Shocks Causing New Famines, Severe Food Crisis

Alert: Nature, on the Verge of Bankruptcy

Floods, Hurricanes, Droughts… When Climate Sets the Agenda

Europe, New Border of Africa’s ‘Great Desert’ – The Sahara

Climate-Smart Agriculture Urgently Needed in Africa

To Be a Nigerian Migrant in Italy

Forced Evictions, Rights Abuses of Maasai People in Tanzania Reported

Climate Migrants Might Reach One Billion by 2050

Yemen: African Migrants Beaten, Starved, Sexually Violated by Criminal Groups

Can the Gender Gap Be Measured in Dollars Only?

Millions of Women and Children for Sale for Sex, Slavery, Organs…

Migrants – The Increasingly Expensive Deadly Voyages

Not Just Numbers: Migrants Tell Their Stories

Climate Change-Poverty-Migration: The New, Inhuman ‘Bermuda Triangle’

Drought Pushes 1 in 3 Somalis to a Hunger Knife-Edge

Mideast: Drought to Turn People into Eternal Migrants, Prey to Extremism?

More Plastic than Fish or How Politicians Help Ocean Destruction

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The ‘Water-Employment-Migration’ Explosive Nexus

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Mideast: Growing Urbanisation Worsens Water Scarcity, Food Imports

A Grisly Tale of Children Falling Easy Prey to Ruthless Smugglers

Agony of Mother Earth (I) The Unstoppable Destruction of Forests

Agony of Mother Earth (II) World’s Forests Depleted for Fuel

Who Are the Best ‘Eaters’ and How to Use Eggplants as a Toothbrush

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The Very Survival of Africa’s Indigenous Peoples ‘Seriously Threatened’

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Depressed? Let’s Talk

Slaves

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Read the Clouds!

Oh Happy Day!

New Evidence Confirms Risk That Mideast May Become Uninhabitable

The Indigenous ‘People of Wildlife’ Know How to Protect Nature

These Women Cannot Celebrate Their Day

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