‘100 Million People Are Pushed into Extreme Poverty Each Year Because of Out-of-Pocket Spending on Health’


Human Wrongs Watch

By World Health Organization*

‘Millions more are forced to choose between health care and daily expenses such as food, clothing and even a home’.

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Universal Health Coverage: Everyone, Everywhere

Universal health coverage (UHC) is about ensuring all people and communities have access to quality health services where and when they need them, without suffering financial hardship.*

It includes the full spectrum of services needed throughout life—from health promotion to prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and palliative care—and is best based on a strong primary health care system.

Over the past decade, countries in the WHO Western Pacific Region have made significant health gains and increased commitments to advance UHC.

The Regional Committee of the Western Pacific has agreed that countries should develop UHC roadmaps based on 5 attributes of high-performing health systems: quality, efficiency, equity, accountability, sustainability and resilience.

Achieving UHC is one of the key targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and it is the focus of World Health Day in 2019.

What we aim to achieve through the campaign

This campaign aims to help people better understand what universal health coverage means – what services and support should be available and where. We will provide visual material that helps people who have access to quality, affordable health care to understand what life is like for people without it and to advocate for equal access to care, everywhere.

Health workers will have an important role to play in the campaign, helping decision-makers for health recognize what people need in terms of care, particularly at the primary care level.

The campaign also presents an opportunity for ministers of health and other government decision-makers to commit to taking action to address gaps in universal health coverage in their countries, as well as to highlight progress that has already been made.

Dr Kasai on primary health care

Universal health coverage – the bigger picture

World Health Day 2019 falls midway between the Global Conference on Primary Health Care held in Astana, Kazakhstan in October 2018 and the High-level Meeting on universal health coverage to be held at the United Nations General Assembly in September 2019.

The Day is one of many opportunities to communicate about the importance of equity in health-care services, for not only the health of individuals, but also for the health of economies and society at large. (*SOURCE: WHO).

Key messages**

• We know universal health coverage is possible, let’s make it happen!

• Health is a human right; it’s time for health for all.

• Universal health coverage means that all people have access to the quality health services they need, when and where they need them, without financial hardship.

• At least half of the people in the world do not receive the health services they need.

• About 100 million people are pushed into extreme poverty each year because of out-of-pocket spending on health.

 

• Unsafe and low-quality health care ruins lives and costs the world trillions of dollars every year, we must do more to improve the quality and safety of health services globally.

 

• Primary health care is a cost- effective and equitable way of delivering health services and helping countries make progress towards universal health coverage.

• Health workers have a crucial role to play educating patients on how to take care of their health, coordinating care and advocating for their patients’ needs to health facility managers and policy-makers.

• Primary health-care workers have a continuing and trusted relationship with their patients and know their health history; knowing the full picture helps improve their care and saves money.

• Primary health-care workers know the traditions, cultures and practices of their communities, making them indispensable during an outbreak or emergency.

 

• Primary health care should be the first level of contact with the health system, where individuals, families and communities receive most of their health care—from promotion and prevention to treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care—as close as possible to where they live and work.

 

• But who are these people and how can we help them? To get a better picture of who is missing out, we need data that is broken down.

 

• At its heart, primary health care is about caring for people and helping them improve their health or maintain their well-being, rather than just treating a single disease or condition.

• Primary health care covers the majority of your health needs throughout your life including services such as screening for health problems, vaccines, information on how to prevent disease, family planning, treatment for long- and short-term conditions, coordination with other levels of care, and rehabilitation.

• A health system with strong primary health care delivers better health outcomes, is cost-efficient and improves quality of care. by gender, age, income, location, education and other factors that affect access to health services.

 

• Health is a human right; everyone should have the information and services they need to take care of their own health and the health of their families.

• Quality, accessible primary health care is the foundation for universal health coverage.

they take care of their own health and the health of their families; skilled health workers providing quality, people-centred care; and policy-makers committed to investing in primary health care. (**SOURCE: WHO).

 

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