Archive for July 1st, 2012

01/07/2012

World Military Expenditure: $1738 Billion; $249 for Each Person … in Just One Year

Human Wrongs Watch

World military expenditure did not increase in 2011, for the first time since 1998. The world total for 2011 is estimated to have been $1738 billion, representing 2.5 per cent of global gross domestic product or $249 for each person, says a new report.

*An American soldier at the main entrance to the Port of en:Mogadishu. Author: Chitrapa. Wikipedia.

Compared with the total in 2010, military spending remained virtually unchanged in real terms. However, it is still too early to say whether this means that world military expenditure has finally peaked, adds the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

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01/07/2012

Organized Violence in the Horn of Africa

Human Wrongs Watch

For decades, the countries in the Horn of Africa—Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia—have been plagued by organized violence, says the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

*A mass grave for children in Dadaab. Photo credit: Oxfam East Africa.

While all these countries experienced state-based armed conflict, non-state conflict or one-sided violence against civilians during the decade 2001–10, non-state conflicts were by far the most common, SIPRI says in its Yearbook 2012.

There were 77 non-state conflicts (35 per cent of the global total) in the Horn of Africa. State-based armed conflict was less common: only 5 were recorded in 2001–10. Acts of one-sided violence were committed by 6 actors, the report adds.

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01/07/2012

World Nuclear Forces: ‘Fewer But Newer’ Weapons

Human Wrongs Watch

At the start of 2012 eight states—the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan and Israel — possessed approximately 4400 operational nuclear weapons, according to a new report.

Credit: ICAN, International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

Nearly 2000 of these are kept in a state of high operational alert. If all nuclear warheads are counted, these states together possess a total of approximately 19 000 nuclear weapons (see table), as compared with 20 530 at the beginning of 2011, says the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), in its Yearbook 2012.

The decrease is due mainly to Russia and the USA further reducing their inventories of strategic nuclear weapons under the terms of the Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START) as well as retiring ageing and obsolescent weapons, adds the report.

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01/07/2012

Singh Gives Away to Wealthier West What Belongs to India’s Poor

Human Wrongs Watch

By Shastri Ramachandaran* (IDN-InDepthNews) New Delhi – Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is generous. Without batting an eyelid, he can give away to the wealthier West what belongs rightfully to India’s poor.

Manmohan Singh | Credit: isikkim.com

His pledge of $10 billion to the IMF to bail out debt-trapped Europe is another bit of evidence that the status of Rudyard Kipling’s ‘coolie’ – who, under the British Raj, was but mere meat for the hungry tiger – remains unchanged.

We continue to be victims of western greed and profligacy. ‘Rising India’ unfailingly rises to the bait when it comes to the West’s financial sharks. Be it when President Obama comes asking for $16 billion worth of orders for U.S. companies or when the Prime Minister goes to the G20 Summit, they ask and we give.

There are, at least, 10 reasons why over a billion Indians should not be duped of this $10 billion.

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01/07/2012

Italian Media, An Insult to Information

Human Wrongs Watch

By Erika Degortes and Johan Galtung*, TRANSCEND – For quite some time now reading Italian newspapers or listening to news and radio broadcasts turned into an insult not only to information itself but to all Italians.

**Silvio Berlusconi | http://www.la-moncloa.es

National television channels are literally monopolized by football and all kinds of weather apocalyptic scenarios. And what about the wide space devoted to the Pope?

We wonder what the nearly 1.580.000 Muslims (according to the Caritas-Migrantes 2011 Immigration Statistical Dossier -1.200.000 according to the World Muslim League) may think about it, not to mention Jews and Buddhists, a large portion of the population about which one never hears.

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